Accident and Missing Air Crew Reports

575th BOMB SQUADRON

ROLE: ALL

INDIVIDUAL & NON-INDIVIDUAL CREW MEMBERS; & WITNESSES

Sources: AAIR, USAAFDATA, MACR, WWII AAF Casualty List, NARA (see resources page).


Assigned
Squadron Crew Year Month Role Name Rank Serial Status
575575101431PStalnaker, George W.Capt.O23784
57557510143CPWilkinson, Edward S.2/Lt.O795542
575575101432NKadansky, David M.2/Lt.O791832
575575101432EGGinder, Arthur R.S/Sgt.17032855
575575101432AGHolland, Thomas H.Pvt.20363863
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-18135. 30 Mar 1943
NOTES: Crashed due to engine failure at MacDill Field, FL. 575BS History (Reel A0644 page 1201) states that this was the first aircraft assigned to the 575BS. Capt. Stalnaker was on a transistion flight to the Osprey Bombing Range when he had an engine failure. He had to use the nearest available runway at MacDill and, due to the presence of planes on this runway, almost totally wrecked the aircraft on landing. No crew members were hurt as they had all assumed emergency positions.
Due to an engine failure while on a bombing mission, the pilot decided to return to his base. Upon approaching the MacDill Field, he made contact with the tower and was told to land and since it was an emergency to use runway 31. Traffic was using runway 9. The pilot was approaching the field from the S.E. The tower ordered three B-26's that were on runway 31 to clear the runway immediately. Two of the ships responded and cleared. The third ship kept taxiing on to the intersection of runway 31 and 36. In the meantime, the B-26 in trouble kept coming on in. Because of the third ship on the runway, the pilot decided to fly over this ship and land ahead of him. About that time the airplane on the runway turned off leaving the runway clear. The pilot of the ship in emergency then decided rather than try to climb and go around to land in the last 1/3 of the runway and he put his wheels and flaps down. He landed "hot" and the right gear did not have time to get completely down and locked. The right prop started cutting into the runway and the right gear collapsed due to the fact it was not completely down and locked. The nose wheel strut snapped causing the ship to skid sideways and partially groundloop.
FINDINGS:
1. Pilot was not certain at the time the prop was feathered that he had actually lost an engine.
2. Investigation by Engineering section of Sub-Depot failed to disclose any defect that would cause a malfunctioning engine.
3. Unidentified aircraft on runway did not obey tower's instructions to "clear runway 31 immediately".
4. The nose wheel was down and locked while the right gear was not.
5. In view of the known facts of this accident, this board places partial responsibility on the pilot and partial responsibility on the pilot of the unidentified aircraft that did not clear the runway.
RECOMMENDATIONS:
It is recommended in the future all aircraft be instructed to use taxi strips where possible instead of using runways as taxi strips. This will keep all runways open for use during emergency landings.
575575102432POlfson, Junior W.F/OT186581
57557510243CPWilson, Sydney S.2/Lt.O795548
5755751024312BMurphy, Francis J.F/OO534308
57557510243EGCampbell, GordonT/Sgt.6970640
575575102432RGNewton, James A.T/Sgt.32328795
575575102432TGArmstrong, Sterling D.15104653
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-18149. 13 May 1943
NOTES: Mid-air collision at Osprey Bmb Rng Nr Osprey, FL. 575BS History (Reel A0644 page 1204) states that after avoiding another aircraft on a low-level bombing run, Olfson scraped through the branches of the only large tree on the bombing range. The plexiglass in the bombardier's compartment was shattered but F/O Murphy was uninjured. The plane also suffered damage to the leading edge of the right wing between the fuselage and nacelle. Tail gunner Armstrong called the pilot over the interphone and said "Hey Ollie, I think we just hit a tree", to which Ollie replied "No Kiddin"! The plane returned to the airfield, though it carried branches and leaves from stem to stern.
575575103432PWarnock, Roland D.2/Lt.O731707
575575103435CPWellhouse, Henry A.2/Lt.O795185
575575103432NLanford, Edwin H.2/Lt.O666683
575575103432EGBrockelbank, Edward H.S/Sgt.11032199
575575103432RGWells, George M.T/Sgt.38151419
575575103432AGBaker, Billy W.S/Sgt.37207800
575575103435XLock, Joseph W.Cpl.38108077
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-31747. 6 Jun 1943
NOTES: Landing accident at Myrtle Beach, SC.
Pilot was landing ship upon completion of night mission about 0003 EWT, June 6, 1940. Upon landing, left main gear buckled, due to not being fully extended and locked.
In the opinion of this committee the pilot was careless in that he did not avail himself of the checks provided to positively assure himself that the landing gear was down and locked. Further, the pilot landed the airplane after being assured that only one main wheels was down, and before being assured the left wheel was also down, other then glancing at the wheel indicator, which after check showed the left main gear not to be fully extended. After further investigation, it was disclosed that the locking pin had not been actuated for the left main gear.
RECOMMENDATIONS: That steps be taken by local authorities to insure the compliance, by pilots, with all procedures outlined for landing, and further, pilots be impressed with the serious results possible by a few moments inattention or carelessness.
575575104432PWanstreet, William H., Jr.1/Lt.O731706
57557510443CPSmith, Raymond B.2/Lt.O795846
575575104432NBLaufman, Herbert J.2/Lt.O732863
575575104432FEKrepelka, Joseph L.S/Sgt.36338933
575575104435RGRibeiro, RaymondT/Sgt.11069851
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-31764. 30 Jun 1943
NOTES: Landing accident due to mechanical fail at Myrtle Beach, SC.
Left tire blew out after landing while plane was rolling. Flat tire caused tire locking rim to fly off allowing play in the tire on the rim. Force of flat tire caused the plane to leave runway and strike bank on left side of runway . Pilot Wanstreet should be commended for his masterful handling of the plane in averting a more serious accident.
RECOMMENDATIONS : None.
NOTE: The aircraft was completely wrecked.
575575105431PStalnaker, George W.Maj.O23784
57557510543CPWilkinson, Edward S.2/Lt.O795542
5755751054312BNMurphy, Francis J.F/OO534308
57557510543RGWeis, Jerry E.T/Sgt.19080569
575575105435CCCarlson, Sherwood D.Cpl.37259640
57557510543ACCKramer, Robert L.Pfc.12073503
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-35078 (previously 41-34078). 25 Jul 1943
NOTES: Ditched Into Atlantic Ocean 200 yards off Myrtle Beach, SC. Reel B0427 page 981 states that all occupants escaped to the aircraft's life raft and were later picked up by a crash boat. Kramer (Assistant Crew Chief) suffered sprained ankle, sprained left wrist, and minor contusions. All other crew suffered minor abrasions.
Pilot's statement: "I was the pilot of B-26C21, 41-35078. I took off at 0835 on runway 35 behind an A-20. Just after leaving the ground we had a violent yaw to the left which I thought was prop wash, but which might have been a partial failure of the left engine. I continued my climb to 900 feet and had turned to the left when airplane 41-35066 called and told me that my left engine was smoking badly. I checked it and oil smoke was coming from under the cowling. I called the tower while at 1000 feet and told them I was coming in for an emergency landing on runway 35.
I was on the downwind leg at about 160 miles per hour when the oil pressure fluctuated and dropped to 0, and the temperature started dropping rapidly. I feathered the engine and notified the tower. The co-pilot went off to salvo the bombs from the nose, while we were at 150 MPH and 900 feet. The airspeed dropped to 140 MPH as he salvoed, and in order to hold that, I had to lower the nose and dived to 600 feet. I was carrying about 2500 RPM and 49 inches Hg on the right engine. When the doors came shut we were unable to pick up speed and lost down to 135 MPH and once at 130 MPH. I had intended to make a right turn away from the field and come into runway 35 but my speed and gradual loss of altitude did not warrant it. I then attempted a left turn into the dead engine with reduced power on the right engine but the speed dropped to 120 so I gave power and called to tower while at 500 feet, that I was going to land in the water, which was straight ahead.
I made my descent at 150 MPH and made a flat landing in the water about 200 yards off shore. The only roughness on the landing was when the nose finally settled causing a sudden stop. All crew members got out all right and the plane floated for about 30 seconds while we got the raft out. All emergency procedures went excellently except the co-pilot and I each thought the other had cut the right switch and it was not cut. The crash boat came and picked us up."
The aircraft was salvaged and the Accident Committee concluded that the engine failure was caused by the failure of the Thermostatic Relief Valve fitted to the oil cooler. Two recent additional cases of the same type of failure were considered by the committee.
The committee commended the pilot for good judgement, and good technique.
575575107435PTalton, John R.2/Lt.O795859
575575107431CPTucker, Tommy F.2/Lt.O668164
57557510743NWechsler, Howard2/Lt.O797108
575575107432FEBrockelbank, Edward H.S/Sgt.11032199
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-18087. 11 Aug 1943
NOTES: Taxiing accident at Myrtle Beach, SC.
1. Pilot was taxiing, using right brake, only due to weakness of left brake, to slow airplane, and using right engine to keep airplane straight. The right brake froze, and pulled the aircraft into the ditch at the side of the runway.
Examination of the aircraft after the accident showed the clearance on the left brake to be excessive, and the right brake showed signs of scorching, and burning, but the clearance was normal. The pilot stated that after noting the condition of the brake on Form #1, he taxied out, and noted the weakness of the left brake, and took-off.
2. In the opinion of this committee the pilot was at fault for flying an airplane when he was cognizant with the fact that the left brake was weak, as noted on the Form #1.
3. RECOMMENDATIONS: Recommend that pilots in the future take a greater interest in the condition of their aircraft, and not just climb in and take-off.
575575108431PStalnaker, George W.Maj.O23784
575575108432CPFleck, Wilbur E.1/Lt.O793094
575575108431BWilliams, Edgar G.1/Lt.O791015
575575108435FENovak, StanleyT/SGT.6908665
57557510843RGWeis, Jerry E.T/SGT.19080569
575575108432AGAlexander, Lloyd V.S/SGT.35330756
575575000w.EngOffDougherty, Lemuel E.1/Lt.O921323
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Dougherty's name appears within the Accident Report for 41-35068. Role stated was Engineering Officer.
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-35068. 9 Sep 1943
NOTES: Friendly fire [shoot down] in the vicinity of Lebanon, TN. Stalnaker was pilot of a B-26 C21 airplane 41-35068 on the afternoon of September 9, 1943. He was flying the lead ship of a formation on a low altitude maneuver with TA800. While on a bombing run a land mine was exploded directly ahead causing damage to above mention airplane. In no way was the pilot responsible for the damage done to the airplane. Damage sustained to the airplane: left propellor cuff was bent, left wing dented, de-icer boot torn, small holes in fabric on left aileron, dents in left wing and left horizontal stabilizer, trailing edge of left elevator bent and torn, and two holes in left elevator.
57557510943PJacobi, Samuel1/Lt.O796828
5755751094310CPHudson, Donald J.2/Lt.O693781
57557510943BEmminger, Harold J.2/Lt.O733165
57557510943FEBoston, George A.S/SGT.17160225
57557510943RGGrazier, Guy W.T/SGT.35596133
57557510943AGSurman, John S.S/SGT.32732716
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95932*. 20 Mar 1944
NOTES: Landing accident at Matching/Sta 166. The pilot landed out of a fast approach at least two-thirds of the way down the runway. His immediate use of brakes was attested to by the appearance of smoke for a short period after landing, but it disappeared until shortly before his attempted turn at the end of the runway where it appeared again. Inspection of the runway right after the accident showed that the right wheel skidded for about 100 yards. The ship was unable to make the turn and the left wheel, under the added download caused by the turn, sank deep into the soft earth allowing the left prop to hit the ground. The accident was due do at 100-percent to pilot error, about 80% judgement and 20% technique. It is recommended that if I stop appears impossible, the pilot role straight ahead on the soft Earth not using brakes off the runway.
575575112431PStalnaker, George W.Maj.O23784
575575112439CPHanish, Burton C.1/LT.O26260
5755751124312BMurphy, Francis J.1/LT.O534308
575575112431NWilliams, Edgar G.Capt.O791015
57557511243EGMiller, Stanley W.S/SGT.36453560
57557511243RGLawson, Thomas T.T/SGT.13034170
575575112432GNBass, William R.1/LT.O668997
575575112432MRapport, Richard L.Capt.O1686911
5755751124311OSquier, Eugene R.2/LT.O757317
HQS/UNK391000w.ADJBowen, Glenn E.1/LT.O571043
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Adjutant Bowen appears in the Accident Report for 42-95950 on 12 May 1944. ADDENDEUM: Army Serial Number obtained from Special Orders No. 51, HQ IX BC, 20 February 1944.
HQS/UNK391000w.FCOBrandt, Harvey V.1/LT.UNK5051
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Flying Control Officer Brandt appears in the Accident Report for 42-95950 on 12 May 1944.
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95950. 12 May 1944
NOTES: Landing accident at Matching/Sta 166. The B-26B50MA, AF # 42-95950 was making a single engine approach, the right engine having been feathered after loss of oil pressure and decided vibration had set in. After wheels and flaps had been lowered in the normal manner the plane was brought in in a fast glide and set down about a third of the runway down at the rather high landing speed of 130 MPH. Anticipating no trouble, speed was at first dissipated by holding the nose up and then the nose wheel was eased down and brakes applied. The pilot states that absolutely no reaction to the depression of both brake pedals prompted him to cause the emergency air bottle to be pulled; estimated speed at this time was about 30 MPH. Characteristically, both wheels locked. Unfortunately, the plane skidded to the left and when it hit the soft shoulder, the shearing forces was too great for the right landing gear assembly which gave way. All crew were in crash landing positions for the landing, but stood up after the aircraft was on the ground. All crew resumed crash landing positions when the aircraft started to skid, except for the engineer in the waist position who recived a slight cut on his forehead. Cause of the engine failure remains undetermined. Neither pilot nor engineer checked hydraulic pressure after wheels and flaps operated normally. 100% failure of structure; is brake failure. In view of the fact that this is the second total loss not to mention the number of tires destroyed occasioned by ships skidding off the runway after pulling the air bottle, it is recommended that a thorough study study be made of alternative methods of bringing the ship to a stop. One suggestion involves coordinated use of the shut off and bleed valves in the emergency system by which pressure could be at least partially controlled. Another suggestion incorporates landing on the runway to absorb the initial shock, but then as speed is dissipated, rolling deliberately off onto the soft shoulder where the friction coefficient will help to dissipate that last bit of speed that air resistance and a smooth runway affect so little. NOTE: Rapport is listed on the accident report crew listing for 42-95950 on 12 May 1944 as (Duty) "M", (Rating) "F/S", and (Branch) "MC". These are possibly "Medical", "Flight Surgeon", and "Medical Corps" respectively.
57557511343PO'Hare, Donald D.1/Lt.O735810
5755751134311CPSchiro, Alfred P.2/Lt.O757299
575575113432BDrake, Leo A., Jr.2/Lt.O733161
57557511343FEFoster, James M.S/Sgt.34526666
57557511343RGWeis, Jerry E.T/Sgt.19080569
57557511343AGBates, Calvin L.S/Sgt.19049133
HQS/UNK391000w.EngOffCox, William T.Capt.UNK5040
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Name appears on a engineering report for the crash of 42-95805. Role given as Engineering Officer.
HQS/UNK391000w.SFCOLiebovich, Theodore1/Lt.UNK5038
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Name appears as witness to crash of 42-95805. Role given as S.F.C.O (Senior Flight Control Officer ???).
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95805. 23 May 1944
NOTES: Landing accident at Matching/Sta 166. At about 1050 on the morning of 23 May 1944, B-26B50MA, 42-95805 made a normal approach for a landing on runway 03. The plane touched down fast almost on three points and according to testimony of occupants of the plane, almost immediately tended to swerve to the right. About 4 seconds (300 yards) after touching down both main wheels were locked, the left very slightly before the right as evidenced by the tyre marks on the runway. These marks continue to the point where the plane left the runway about 700 yards further along and show by their breadth that the right tire blew out about 100 yards before the left which burst shortly before the plane left the runway. Upon leaving the runway, the plane skidding on the soft shoulder, was shorn of the left main gear which raked the left side of the fuselage and allowed the left the nacelle, propeller, and wing to be damaged. Post-crash examination of both wheels showed no sign of binding or heating within the brakes; both wheels were free to turn. The brake valves were inspected and found satisfactory and the lines were clear except for a minimum of hydraulic fluid in the airlines. The air bottle had not been pulled. The brakes had been adjusted within the squadron only the day before. The evidence shows that after landing the plane had tended to swerve to the right which condition the pilot attempted to compensate first by rudder, then by normal use of the left brake and application of power to the right engine, the wheels changed almost instantaneously from a condition of freewheeling to one of complete lock, and that the brakes were locked at a point unreasonably far from the end of the runway and under conditions that refute any contention that the pilot held the brakes depressed thereby causing the accident. With the evidence presented, this board finds itself unable to fairly affix the responsibility in the case of this accident. There are no recommendations.
57557511543PO'Hare, Donald D.1/Lt.O735810
575575115CPBates, Wallace E.2/Lt.O763034
575575115432BDrake, Leo A., Jr.1/Lt.O733161
57557511543FEBates, Calvin L.S/Sgt.19049133
57557511543RGWeis, Jerry E.T/Sgt.19080569
575575115XBaggett, Richard L.2/Lt.O763030
575575115432XSchwisow, MelvinCpl.17031322
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95832. 4 Jul 1944
NOTES: Crashed on take off engine failure at Matching/3mi S Sta 166.

On 4 July 1944, Donald D. O'Hare, O-735810, 1st Lt A.C., having properly checked his aircraft B-26B50 MA, AF No. 42-95832, took off on a local training mission with a seven man crew and ten (10) one hundred pound bomb load. Just as the aircraft was becoming airborne the left engine failed completely. The right propeller fluctuated considerably. The aircraft never attained enough air speed to insure retaining control and holding altitude. The pilot picked a grain field and made a belly landing. The landing was beautifully executed on a slight upslope. The soft dirt tore off the lower segments of each engine cowling, the wheel nacelle doors, the bombay doors, the keel beam of the bombay and part of the skin of under the fuselage. The aircraft slid straight up the slope for approximately 150-200 yards. At that time it went across a ditch approximately six (6) feet wide and four (4) feet deep. The shock even at slow speed swung the aircraft to the right, tore off the left engine, and set the aircraft afire. In the swing to the right the fuselage rode over the torn off left engine, tearing out the rear bombay and breaking the fuselage in two. The crew evacuated the airplane through the copilot's and navigator's hatch. The pilot's hatch was jammed. One enlisted man was in the tail. He was removed by the copilot and the engineer-gunner. The aircraft had checked out on the preflight but on previous flights had been criticized for lack of power. The crash was caused by 100% material failure, complete left engine failure and probable failure of the right propeller, cause undetermined. There are no recommendations.

NOTE: See Reel A0644 page 1264 for an account of the crash.

O'Hare stated that, after feathering the left engine, full rudder trim was not sufficient and that he made a gentle turn to the left to avoid the radar towers at North Weald airfield. He also stated that the bombardier and radio man suffered 1st and 2nd degree burns; the enlisted bombardier (Schwisow) suffered a broken arm, head injuries and and 1st and 2nd degree burns; the rest of the crew suffered minor 1st degree burns; and that he had minor lacerations of the jaw.

575575122432PHarnest, Earl M.2/Lt.O693774
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-107615. 23 Sep 1944
NOTES: Landing accident at Charleroi/A-87.
575575123449PNoland, Howard H.2/Lt.O705412KIA
575575123449FECrider, Jacob E.S/Sgt.35482133KIA
575575123449RGTerrian, Warren E.Cpl.16089427KIA
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95853. 24 Sep 1944
NOTES: 42-95853 crashed near Hatfield Heath, England on return from A-73 due to severely bad weather.
575575128451PGoble, William, Jr.2/Lt.O713402
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-107743. 3 Feb 1945
NOTES: Taxiing accident at Roye/Amy (A-73).
575575130449PBass, Earl J.1/Lt.O667915
575575130449CPCox, James C.2/Lt.O818508
575575130449BKennair, Thomas J.2/Lt.O712163
575575130449EGLindsay, John H.T/Sgt.16028379
575575130449RGDellipizzi, Howard P.S/Sgt.33598234
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-107620. 21 Mar 1945
NOTES: Ground accident at Roye/Amy (A-73).

1. On 21 March 1945, 1st Lt Earl J. Bass was scheduled to fly a B-26C45 aircraft, A.F. #42-107620 on a local training mission. Lt Bass taxied out and pulled up at end of runway two-three, and stopped at angle of forty-five (45) degrees to the taxi strip, while waiting for aircraft ahead to be cleared for take-off. This aircraft, a B-26G15, A.F. #44-67986 was piloted by Lt Norman W. Sherwood, O-813962. Lt Sherwood, prior to take-off, ran his engines up to maximum power on the taxi strip, blowing loose slabs of asphalt from taxi strip into Lt Bass' aircraft, causing pilot's and co-pilot's windshields to be broken, plexiglass of nose broken, damage to left propeller, and minor dents in fuselage and left engine cowling.

2. Cause: One hundred percent (100%) airfield terrain. Taxi strip surfaces at the point of accident occurence are in bad condition. Asphalt surfacing is cracked and loose.

3. Recommendations: None.

57557513144PBreesman, Richard N.1/Lt.O701879
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-39189. 5 Apr 1945
NOTES: Crash landing at Juvincourt/A-68.
575575132453PRankin, John G.O424153
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22650. 21 Apr 1945
NOTES: Landing accident at Aachen/Y-46.
575575133449PChatham, Milton E.2/Lt.O715990
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22529. 13 May 1945
NOTES: Crash belly landing out of gas at Poliseul/ 2mi N.
575575134453PKristolich, Henry R.2/Lt.O819829
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-39584. 29 May 1945
NOTES: Crash landing mechanical failure at St Trond/A-92.
575575135453PRankin, John G.O424153
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22681. 6 Jul 1945
NOTES: Landing accident at Vitry/B-50.
57557505644PSullivan, Leroy R.2/Lt.O806168
57557505644CPHobson, John A.2/Lt.O688821
57557505644BIvory, Richard E.2/Lt.O749906
575575056N
57557505644FEPeterson, Kenneth D.S/Sgt.37220369
57557505644RGRoberge, Joseph F.T/Sgt.31265792
57557505644AGByng, Virgil W.S/Sgt.36815269
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95840 28 May 1944
NOTES: Someone at the 1996 reunion indicated that the above were regular crew members. On 05/28/44 crash landed (42-95840). Believed to be on test flight. Per the softback history, Lt Sullivan's plane (42-95848) was shot down on 06/07/44, but four chutes appeared and two survived. The hardback history identifies the following as "missing": Lt Sullivan, Lt Hobson, TSgt Roberge, and SSgt Peterson. "Return of the Marauder Men" lists only Sgt Peterson as a casualty (which means that other remains were returned to the US. Dave Garnham found verification on microfilm of Lt. Sullivan's death. ADDENDUM: The mission records show that this was Sullivan's regular crew. This crew were aboard 42-95840 on the Amiens mission of 28 May 1944, when the aircraft was hit by FLAK over the target and was seen to leave formation, gliding down under control. The aircraft is believed to have crash landed near the English coast where it ran into anti-landing traps, and was declared Cat E and salvaged. Sullivan and crew were OK.
575575136PWebster, Warren R.1/Lt.O807545
575575136CPWolfe, Rowland D.2/Lt.O816388
575575136449BBunk, Ralph F.1/Lt.O746981
575575136NHowe, Owen C.1/Lt.O685619
575575136RGAnglim, John E.S/Sgt.33310508
575575136XCurtis, Lawrence J.Sgt.19069881
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-34326 7 Feb 1945
NOTES: Landing accident at A-58. Pilot made normal landing. Tire blew out on left main gear, causing aircraft to swerve to the left and off of runway. Pilot used left throttle and right brake in an attempt to keep the aircraft on runway. There was a 20 degree cross-wind at 15 MPH aggravating the aircraft's tendency to swerve to the left. Pilot was landing on the left-hand side of runway in his correction for drift. NOTE: This Accident Report was filed by the 410th Bomb Group, 647th Bomb Squadron. It is assumed that this aircraft and this crew (except for Curtis, and formerly of the 574 and 575 squadrons respectively) were transferred to this squadron at some point. The 410BG were originally equipped with A-20 Havoc aircraft. This report has been included for completeness.
575575137435PTalton, John R.2/Lt.O795859
57557513743XBraverman, Eugene A.2/Lt.O741230
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-36126 25 Sep 1943
NOTES: Landing accident in L-3B aircraft, 6 miles SW of Godman Field, KY. The pilot took off on a local flight and flew to Zone #3 about 7 miles South West of Godman Field. Here he executed a few power-off stalls and then proceeded to simulate a forced landing from 1000 feet. As he tried to clear the engine at 400 feet it cut out completely. The switches and gas were cut. The landing was a very rough three point landing on rough terrain. The landing gear collapsed and twisted the right wing, both of which will have to be replaced. OPINION: (1) That the proper gliding angle was not maintained to keep the propeller windmilling. (2) That had the ship been landed normally and into the wind, the damage would have been less. (3) That the pilot of heavier aircraft be given more transistion training time on small ships.
57557511043PGubner, Harry D., Jr.Capt.O731574POW
57557511043CPSmith, Raymond B.2/Lt.O795846POW
57557511043BMcCutcheon, Roy B., Jr.2/Lt.O534471POW
57557511043FEMartin, Edward L.S/Sgt.18180847POW
57557511043RGBridgewater, Billy B.T/Sgt.14188175POW
57557511043AGReagan, William F.S/Sgt.31140015KIA
575575000431w.unkMatis, WilliamT/Sgt.19040245
57557500043w.unkShreves, Forest E.T/Sgt.37506082
575575000431w.unkClark, Allen O.Sgt.17086753
SOURCE: MACR 03457, 42-95854. 25 Mar 1944
NOTES: Target: Hirson M/Y, France. 42-95854 was 2nd box, low flight, No.6. It was hit by FLAK, stayed in formation for 2 minutes, went into a spin, and exploded before hitting ground near Laon, France. 3 to 5 parachutes were seen. Reagan was found dead about 50 feet from aircraft wreckage with parachute deployed. His severe injuries suggest that he struck the ground hard, and perhaps his parachute caught on the tail, or it malfunctioned.
57557511143PAldridge, William S.Capt.O731780POW
57557511143CPBurgess, Merlin K.Capt.O404086POW
57557511143BHanton, Emil M.2/Lt.O741340POW
57557511143FELaycock, John F.Sgt.32143301POW
57557511143RGSaylor, Sterl E.Cpl.12098426KIA
57557511143AGKreft, Andre F.S/Sgt.12057415KIA
575575000432w.pFleck, Wilbur E.1/Lt.O793094
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Pilot. Box 1, Second flight, No.4. Right engine of Aldridge's aircraft burst into flames and it peeled off to right.
57557500043w.unkWilkinson, Edward S.1/Lt.O795542
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Second flight, No.2. Aldridge's aircraft was hit by FLAK in right engine which burst into flames. His aircraft made a steep turn to the right. I pulled up over him and caught his prop wash as he passed under me. The boards inside my waist window were blistered from the fire.
575575000442w.tgWeatherholtz, Harley L.S/Sgt.15010439
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner. Second flight, No.2. Heard explosion. Aldridge's aircraft heading for us in a steep bank. Flames sweeping past his waist windows and top part of right wing had been torn loose. Lost altitude rapidly. 3 minutes later, he seemed to have control but was being fired upon. Spiralling at about 6000 feet, levelled off at 4000 feet. No chutes. NB Role assumed to be AG.
5755750004311w.tgSchiro, Alfred P.2/Lt.O757299
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner. Lead ship. 1.5 miles north of Dieppe. Aldridge's aircraft hit in wing and right engine. Wing and right engine on fire. Aldridge kept aircraft under control and continued evasive action until 5000 feet. I saw 4 white blotches (parachutes). Aircraft did tight left spiral, crashed, and exploded. NB Role assumed to be AG.
SOURCE: MACR 04216, 42-95845. 27 Apr 1944
NOTES: Target: Arras M/Y, France. FLAK hit right engine which burst into flames. Aldridge momentarily lost control and the aircraft went into a steep turn to the right. He passed under No.2 in the flight with his wing and right engine on fire. He appeared to have the aircraft under control and continued evasive action until 5000 feet. 4 parachutes seen to leave the aircraft before it did a tight left spiral, crashed, and exploded. Burgess and Hanton evaded for a while until they were captured.
57557511444PSullivan, Leroy R.2/Lt.O806168KIA
57557511444CPHobson, John A.2/Lt.O688821KIA
57557511444BIvory, Richard E.2/Lt.O749906
57557511444FEPeterson, Kenneth D.S/Sgt.37220369KIA
57557511444RGRoberge, Joseph F.T/Sgt.31265792KIA
57557511444AGByng, Virgil W.S/Sgt.36815269
5755750004310w.tgDaprato, Robert F.F/OT122880
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner !!! lead flight, lead ship. Sullivan was No.7.
57557500043w.wgShreves, Forest E.T/Sgt.37506082
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - low flight, no.3.
575575000442w.tgBurgess, Glen E.S/Sgt.31317799
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner - low flight, no.3. NB Role assumed to be AG.
SOURCE: MACR 05689, 42-95848. 7 Jun 1944
NOTES: Target: Briouze Railway Sidings. 42-95848 was lead flight, No.7. Aircraft was hit by FLAK and crashed NE of Bretteville, France. 4 parachutes seen, but last one did not deploy fully.
57557511644PPetrich, Michael R.1/Lt.O684039POW
57557511644CPSullivan, Robert B.2/Lt.O669809
57557511644TOGInsley, Edwin G.T/Sgt.33064534KIA
57557511644FEMartel, ErnestT/Sgt.31150127KIA
57557511644RGAmbrose, Bryan B.S/Sgt.34240010KIA
57557511644AGRead, Robert R.S/Sgt.32058677POW
575575000444w.cpWakeland, Vernon E.F/OT1786
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Co-Pilot - Box 2, lead flight, No.5.
57557500043w.wgGallo, Larry F.T/Sgt.33429374
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - Box 1, flight 2, No.3.
575575000431w.wgMatis, WilliamT/Sgt.19040245
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - Box 2, lead flight, No.4.
SOURCE: MACR 06360, 42-107811. 5 Jul 1944
NOTES: Target: Senoche F/D. 42-107811 was hit in aft bomb bay by FLAK then broke apart. Petrich stated that Sullivan was shot and killed whilst descending in his parachute.
575575117431PStalnaker, George W.L/Col.O23784EVA
5755751174311CPSquier, Eugene R.2/Lt.O757317EVA
5755751174312BMurphy, Francis J.1/Lt.O534308EVA
575575117431NWilliams, Edgar G.Capt.O791015EVA
57557511743FEMiller, Stanley W.S/Sgt.36453560EVA
575575117432RGSmith, Richard B.T/Sgt.20314269EVA
575575117432AGAlexander, Lloyd V.S/Sgt.35330756POW
575575117432GEEClark, Jim B.1/Lt.O669006EVA
575575000432w.pMitchell, Kenneth W.Capt.O731630
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Pilot - no.2. Stalnaker hit by FLAK on bomb run. Black smoke from right engine. Oil cooler hit ? I took over lead. Spoke to Stalnaker who seemed calm.
575575000444w.cpCarpenter, Earl S.2/Lt.O689206
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Co-Pilot - no.2 on Stalnaker's wing. Stalnaker hit by FLAK. Smoke from right engine about 30 seconds before bombs dropped. He broke left, feathered right engine, and lost altitude. Capt. Mitchell called Stalnaker to say he would take over the lead. About 5 minutes later, he called Stalnaker to say he was trying to get him a fighter escort.
574574000442w.bArena, Albert1/Lt.O745795
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Bombardier - In Metelsky aircraft. Stalnaker on left. Heavy and accurate FLAK in target area. 5 chutes. Aircraft peeled to right, stalled, and crashed.
575575000444w.togComer, Jack S.S/Sgt.10601613
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Bombardier - no.4. Stalnaker continued on bomb run after he was hit but was losing altitude. NB Role assumed to be Togglier.
57457400043w.wgForster, William J.T/Sgt.33370371
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - In Metelsky aircraft. Stalnaker leading Box 1. We were in last flight of Box 2. 5 chutes.
SOURCE: MACR 06649, 42-95821. 8 Jul 1944
NOTES: Target: Nantes RR Bridge, France. Stalnaker was leading the first box. During the bomb run the formation encountered heavy and accurate FLAK. Stalnaker was hit in both engines and his right engine started smoking. He continued the bomb run even though he was losing altitude. After the formation had dropped its bombs, he broke left and feathered his right engine. Mitchell flying in No.2 position took over the lead and called Stalnaker (who seemed calm) to say he was trying to get him fighter escort. Witnesses in the second box saw Stalnaker's aircraft flying alongside for a while until it stalled and crashed 5 mile NW of Chateaubriant. All crew bailed out and survived. The report seems to show that only Alexander was captured and the rest returned to duty.
573573116444PColsch, John W.1/Lt.O445975KIA
573573116444CPKelley, William J.2/Lt.O688826KIA
573573116444BKohler, John F.1/Lt.O746894KIA
573573116448FEMiller, Henry A.Sgt.39408235KIA
573573116444RGRaymond, Warren D.T/Sgt.16146455KIA
573573116444AGBrandenburg, Verlin H.S/Sgt.17079342KIA
575575000448w.wgWaggoner, Henry G., Jr.S/Sgt.14161966
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - Box 2, lead flight.
57557500043w.wgGallo, Larry F.T/Sgt.33429374
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - Box 2, lead flight, no.5.
573573000444w.tgCarr, Arlo L.S/Sgt.36460827
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner -
SOURCE: MACR 07648, 42-95800. 13 Aug 1944
NOTES: Target: Cherisy RR Bridge, France. 42-95800 (Low flight, No.4. - Kohler) hit by FLAK, collided with adjacent aircraft 42-95834 (No. 5 - Boyd). Both aircraft broke apart and went into a spin. Coincidentally, low flight passed underneath lead flight at exactly the time of bomb release, which may mean that aircraft was struck by falling bomb from lead flight.
57357311744PBoyd, Ralph H.2/Lt.O691225EVA
57357311744CPStiteler, Quentin W.F/OT122230KIA
57357311744TOGTyler, Richard H.Cpl.33098152KIA
57357311744FECraddock, Kenneth S.Sgt.39856341KIA
57357311744RGWeaver, Joseph P.S/Sgt.18079799KIA
57357311744AGYoung, Glen L.Sgt.37563389KIA
575575000448w.wgWaggoner, Henry G., Jr.S/Sgt.14161966
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - Box 2, lead flight.
57557500043w.wgGallo, Larry F.T/Sgt.33429374
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - Box 2, lead flight, no.5.
573573000444w.tgCarr, Arlo L.S/Sgt.36460827
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner -
SOURCE: MACR 07649, 42-95834. 13 Aug 1944
NOTES: Target: Cherisy RR Bridge, France. 42-95800 (Low flight, No.4. - Kohler) hit by FLAK, collided with adjacent aircraft 42-95834 (No. 5 - Boyd). Both aircraft broke apart and went into a spin. Coincidentally, low flight passed underneath lead flight at exactly the time of bomb release, which may mean that aircraft was struck by falling bomb from lead flight.
573573120432PThorn, David H.Capt.O793198KIA
573573120432CPThomas, Arthur L.1/Lt.O693957KIA
573573120432BParks, William H.1/Lt.O673256
573573120432NCalvert, Russell J.1/Lt.O798744
573573120432FEEvans, Omer L.S/Sgt.39283161
57357312043FEMeyer, Roy H.S/Sgt.18192313KIA
573573120432RGAnnette, Edward J.T/Sgt.32304424KIA
573573120442AGNorland, Carl E.S/Sgt.32251657
575575000447w.egRausch, Dean H.S/Sgt.36650622
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Engineer Gunner - lead flight, no.6.
5735730004312w.wgMilton, Thomas J.S/Sgt.6293446
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - lead flight, no.1.
573573000444w.unkMohan, Robert A.S/Sgt.33205047
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Armorer Gunner - lead flight, no.3.
SOURCE: MACR 08058, 42-95802. 25 Aug 1944
NOTES: Target: Brest/Penscorff Coastal Defences. Mid-air collision between stabilizer of lead flight No.4 (42-95802 - Thorn) and left propellor of No.6 (42-95797 - Rice). Thorn lowered landing gear, one man bailed out, then aircraft went into spin. Calvert, who managed to bail out and was picked up by fishermen, stated that Thorn was low on gas and planned to land in Cherbourg and left the formation, but then decided to rejoin the formation and follow them to Cherbourg.
57357311443PClark, Robert H.1/Lt.O26154
57357311443CPParker, George L.1/Lt.O757263EVA
57357311443BLemmon, Robert F.1/Lt.O666687KIA
57357311443FECulshaw, John R.S/Sgt.33429297KIA
57357311443RGRollings, William S.T/Sgt.33499791KIA
57357311443AGSweren, John W.S/Sgt.39197686POW
574574000444w.ttBarnett, Ellis B.S/Sgt.35285927
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Top Turret Gunner - Box 2, low flight no.5. Janssen (575BS), low flight, no.2. NB Role assumed to be FE.
573573000444w.wgRaymond, Warren D.T/Sgt.16146455
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Waist Gunner - lead flight, no.3.
573573000444w.tgBrandenburg, Verlin H.S/Sgt.17079342
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner - lead flight, no.3.
575575000447w.tgCollison, Arden J.Sgt.37667756
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner - Box 2, low flight no.5. Janssen (575BS), low flight, no.2.
575575000442w.tgVincent, Robert A.S/Sgt.32744968
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Tail Gunner - Jannsen (575BS). Box 2, low flight, no.2. NB Role assumed to be AG.
SOURCE: MACR 09831, 42-95842. 28 Jul 1944
NOTES: Target: Grosley sur Risle, France. 42-95842 was hit by FLAK in the waist section near Thury Harcourt, France. The aircraft broke into two pieces which were seen to slowly spin down. Three crew were seen to bail out, one from the tail section and two from the forward section. In a subsequent statement, Parker states that he was wounded in his left leg and foot. Lemmon was trapped in the bombardier's compartment of the spinning aircraft, and Culshaw and Rollings had probably been killed when the 88mm shell exploded in the waist section. After bailing out and landing, Parker saw Sweren in the hands of the Germans. Parker was taken to hospital by the Germans for treatment of his wounds. Clark was seen bailing out by Parker, but it is currently unclear what happened to him.
575575124449PSharp, Donald N.2/Lt.O686499KIA
575575124449CPHedstrom, Raymond E.2/Lt.O714079POW
575575124449BHawkinson, William D.2/Lt.O704289KIA
575575124449FEGilbert, Glynn T.S/Sgt.38419335POW
575575124449RGVon Castelberg, Edward H.T/Sgt.32867810POW
575575124449AGDoyal, Glenn E.Sgt.14079332POW
5755750004310w.unkHarkins, Herschel S.Maj.O668065
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Harkins states he was flying 42-95847, Box 1, high flight, no.1. He was supervising Lt. Breesman as a new lead pilot. Breesman was wounded by FLAK. PFF aircraft were damaged by attacks and were flying erratically. Jannsen was pilot of lead ship, lead element, Box 1. Savage attack by enemy aircraft. 42-107671 (No.4) moved to left with wheels down and engine feathered. 43-34418 joined the lead element and returned safely. 4 of Harkins flight were shot down by enemy aircraft.
SOURCE: MACR 11486, 43-34440. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. 43-34440 was hit in tail turret and right wing. Fire spread to bomb bay. Hawkinson was fighting the fire in the bomb bay. Either died in aircraft or parachute burned.
5755751254311PTavener, Clark A.1/Lt.O757331KIA
57557512543CPCastle, Mark W.2/Lt.O927500KIA
575575125449BWilkinson, Patrick H.1/Lt.O666110KIA
57557512543FEWyne, Joseph W.T/Sgt.15068360POW
57557512543RGMcGettigan, John F.Cpl.33791127KIA
57557512543AGDick, Frank D.Cpl.19180100POW
5755750004310w.unkHarkins, Herschel S.Maj.O668065
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Harkins states he was flying 42-95847, Box 1, high flight, no.1. He was supervising Lt. Breesman as a new lead pilot. Breesman was wounded by FLAK. PFF aircraft were damaged by attacks and were flying erratically. Jannsen was pilot of lead ship, lead element, Box 1. Savage attack by enemy aircraft. 42-107671 (No.4) moved to left with wheels down and engine feathered. 43-34418 joined the lead element and returned safely. 4 of Harkins flight were shot down by enemy aircraft.
SOURCE: MACR 11551, 42-95932. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft.
575575126448PGatlin, James F., Jr.1/Lt.O685331KIA
575575126448CPBiezis, Stephen V.2/Lt.O824081KIA
575575126448BAdair, John J.1/Lt.O746676POW
575575126448FESanchez, Joe R.S/Sgt.39290993KIA
575575126448RGWeissker, William L.S/Sgt.14070304KIA
575575126448AGCowart, Milton E.S/Sgt.18190494KIA
5755750004310w.unkHarkins, Herschel S.Maj.O668065
575575000444w.bGarside, John A.1/Lt.O671339
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Bombardier - Box 1, lead flight,no.1. 50 to 75 enemy aircraft. Attacked from rear in waves of 15 to 20 at a time. He saw 42-107671 with left engine on fire and right engine feathered.
SOURCE: MACR 11661, 42-107671. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. 42-107671 was seen with left engine on fire and right engine feathered. Crew abandoned aircraft due to fire in bomb bay. Although 6 parachutes were seen leaving the aircraft, Adair was the only survivor. Adair states that he believes the rest of the crew were killed by S.S. Troops or by civilians.
57557512744PKloepfer, William A.2/Lt.O681120KIA
57557512744CPHulton, John V.2/Lt.O822009KIA
57557512744BWolfe, Edward2/Lt.O761272KIA
57557512744FEHaynes, Delmer L.S/Sgt.20725360POW
57557512744RGHumble, Harold R.S/Sgt.38468334KIA
57557512744AGStevens, James F.S/Sgt.11054924KIA
5755750004310w.unkHarkins, Herschel S.Maj.O668065
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Harkins states he was flying 42-95847, Box 1, high flight, no.1. He was supervising Lt. Breesman as a new lead pilot. Breesman was wounded by FLAK. PFF aircraft were damaged by attacks and were flying erratically. Jannsen was pilot of lead ship, lead element, Box 1. Savage attack by enemy aircraft. 42-107671 (No.4) moved to left with wheels down and engine feathered. 43-34418 joined the lead element and returned safely. 4 of Harkins flight were shot down by enemy aircraft.
SOURCE: MACR 11670, 42-95844. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. Haynes was the only survivor and states that there was a fire in the bomb bay which may have prevented the Officers from bailing out. Humble was injured and was too weak to bail out. Stevens' parachute had been damaged by enemy fire and was also hysterical. Only Haynes managed to bail out of the waist window when the aircraft started spinning and became a POW.
575575129439PHanish, Burton C.Capt.O26260KIA
575575129449CPLittlejohn, Lew F.2/Lt.O779171KIA
575575129447BVurgaropulos, John C.1/Lt.O765759KIA
575575129444NRauschenberger, Arthur F.Capt.O741368KIA
575575129449FEPennington, Ernest H.T/Sgt.34728009KIA
5755751294412RGBroffman, PaulSgt.32342444KIA
575575129447AGRivoli, Valentine P.S/Sgt.12168196POW
5755751294412OBSHarsin, Harold E.1/Lt.O855860KIA
575575000448w.pMartin, Clarence L.1/Lt.O705131
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Pilot - Box 1, lead flight, no.4. FLAK hit right gas tank. Flames burned my control surfaces off. Aircraft descended in spiral. No chutes.
575575000449w.pTimbers, Robert R.1/Lt.O760923
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Pilot - lead flight, no.3. Just before release point, burst of FLAK, hit right engine and main auxiliary fuel tank. Aircraft caught fire, veered right, went down in spiral dive. Wing broke off. No chutes.
575575000449w.rgRatliff, Robert E.T/Sgt.17127866
WITNESS DETAILS & STATEMENT: Radio Gunner - no.3. FLAK hit left engine, which caught fire. Aircraft veered right and went down in spiral dive. Left wing broke off.1 chute.
SOURCE: MACR 12611, 42-107576. 24 Feb 1945
NOTES: Target: Irlich. 42-107576 was flying box 1, lead flight. Just before release point, burst of FLAK hit the right engine and the main auxiliary fuel tank. The aircraft caught fire, veered right, and then went down in spiral dive. The wing broke off in the dive. No parachutes were observed leaving the aircraft.