Squadron Crew Year Month Role Name Rank Serial
57457400143PAldous, Charles G.1/Lt.O727827
57457400143CPQuick, Hillis E.2/Lt.O687634
57457400143BBraverman, Eugene A.O741230
57457400143NFlake, Thomas J., Jr.1/Lt.O791808
57457400143FELittle, Joseph R.S/Sgt.11038778
57457400143RGHoldridge, Francis J.S/Sgt.32287062
57457400143AGKershaw, Dawson U.S/Sgt.32457359
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: An anonymous contributor at the 1996 reunion, whose writing I could not be sure of, supplied the navigator, bombardier, and tail gunner's names, and the airplane name, Sleepy Time Gal, 42-95838 . He also indicated that Max Hawkes became the RG. Hawkes was formerly on the crew of Lloyd Stanfield. Only the P, CP, FE, and RG flew over. A list of airplane incidents gives the airplane name as Calamity Lou. Kershaw's particulars come from SO-7, HQS 391ST BG, Par. 3, 2/7/43. Both Flake and Holdridge are shown also with Shofner.
ADDENDUM: Aldous and crew were assigned to the 1st Pathfinder Squadron shortly after the 391st arrived in England. Aldous's 1PFS aircraft (an ex-344BG aircraft 42-107583) was named "Sleepy Time Gal". Therefore, it is possible that Aldous flew 42-95838 to to England, but it was not this aircraft that was named "Sleepy Time Gal".
574574002432PBird, Stanley1/Lt.O791818
574574002432CPTomon, Richard A.2/Lt.O693432
574574002432BHasson, Albert N.2/Lt.O731064
574574002432NFitzhugh, John G.2/Lt.O669028
574574002432FESwearingen, Paul J.S/Sgt.18115529
574574002432RGHammond, Robert E.S/Sgt.15102407
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: A second radio-gunner is shown in the referenced order (Dimaio, Adam (NMI), Sgt, 32451979) as flying overseas with this crew. From OO-28, Hqs Sta #11, Caribbean Wing ATC, Morrison Field, 5 Jan 44, Fitzhugh is listed with Loesch for the flight over. Stan Bird was the leader of D Flight. Hasson's name was supplied by someone at the 1996 reunion. The flight over was in 42-95835.
57457400344PBischoff, James R.1/Lt.O555192
57457400344CPMcLeish, Thomas A.2/Lt.O553919
57457400344BBatty, Raymond F.2/Lt.O556089
57457400344NOsterberg, Oliver S.2/Lt.O718124
57457400344FEWattlington, Leonard N.S/Sgt.18137860
57457400344RGYoung, Franklyn E., Jr.S/Sgt.33622134
57457400344AGWalters, George M.S/Sgt.19102626
SOURCE: OO-2, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 2. 6 Feb 1945
NOTES: At the 1996 reunion, Bischoff supplied the last names of the co-pilot and the three gunners. Dave Garnham supplied the other particulars. Per the referenced order, Lt Bischoff was lead qualified with Lt Batty and Lt Osterberg; I presume Osterberg was added overseas.
574574004431PBrandon, Donald K.Maj.O388874
574574004431CPMajka, Fred J.2/Lt.O534320
574574004431NGoscewski, Paul B.1/Lt.O669037
574574004431FETurner, Arthur E.Sgt.12170493
574574004431RGErb, LouisT/Sgt.36149712
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: Then Lt Col Brandon, formerly the Squadron CO, was killed on the Ahrweiler (12/23/44) mission, apparently flying with Lt Mickelson in 43-34309 and is buried in the Lorraine Cemetery. He is listed in "Return of the Marauder Men" as assigned to Headquarters; evidently he was flying as a co-pilot or observer. Majka was first-pilot qualified, as he is shown on the taxi sheet for Mission #88. The flight over was in 42-95818, Lady Chance.
574574005449PBrown, Clyde G.Capt.O424095
574574005449CPBishop, George M.2/Lt.O715127
574574005449BEstrem, Paul J.2/Lt.O765475
574574005449FEBendickson, Warren E.Cpl.36417120
574574005449RGGagne, Joseph N.Sgt.31218335
574574005449AGBrillhart, Gene W.Cpl.18123496
SOURCE: SO-121, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 10. 13 Sep 1944
NOTES: Capt Brown was shot down on 12/23/44 in 42-95865 (Sky Hag). Lts Bishop and Estrem are buried in the Luxembourg Cemetery. Apparently, Sgt Rudyard L. Courtenay and Sgt Robert L. Vidler replaced Gagne and Bendickson on this mission (hardback history). According to the softback history, a Lt Brown hit a powerline on takeoff on 10/05/44. As the squadrons are the same, I assume that these are one individual.
574574006432PBush, Frederick E.1/Lt.O792561
574574006432CPHarnest, Earl M.2/Lt.O693774
574574006432BHay, Royce2/Lt.O666662
574574006432NHawkins, Otis P., Jr.2/Lt.O669044
574574006432FEHicks, James P.S/Sgt.35350769
574574006432RGPopolizio, Eugene J.T/Sgt.31124412
57457400643AGWilson, Paul J.Pvt.31013843
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: Capt Bush was the B-Flight leader. His aircraft for the flight over was 42-95832, The Huntress. The aircraft name and that of Wilson were supplied by someone at the 1996 reunion. Fred Bush later confirmed these and added Hay's name. As was typically the case in the original flight over, the Bombardiers and Armorer Gunners went over by ship; thus, Hay and Wilson did not fly over and were not included on the referenced order, which explains not having Wilson's serial number. ADDENDUM: Wilson's serial number, forenames, and rank have since been obtained from the Medal Awards and Crew Loading Lists of the 391BG Mission Records.
574574007435PCallison, William K.2/Lt.O738342
57457400743CPElrod, Floyd E.2/Lt.O692865
57457400743FEKoleszarik, Stephen A.Sgt.13030228
57457400743RGHanzl, Joseph E.Pvt.35307207
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: According to the hardback history, Lt Elrod was killed in May, 1944, but the day is not stated, and the crew personnel have not been determined. On 08/07/44 Lt Callison's plane (42-95851) was badly damaged by flak. Per the hardback history the crew substitutions were as follows: 2Lt Rugg, formerly of Shofner's crew; SSgt Howard F. Simones; and SSgt Acle B. Caywood. Lt Rugg was killed and is buried in the Normandy Cemetery. Callison flew over in the same aircraft, 42-95851.
574574008439PCarson, Charles W., Jr.1/Lt.O25958
574574008439CPChristensen, Hans2/Lt.O693629
574574008439FEBailey, Charley M.Sgt.19096495
574574008439RGVia, Charles K.Sgt.13121345
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: Carson flew over in 42-95852, Mad Bull.
57457400944PChism, Jack W.1/Lt.O700428
57457400944CPDixon, Wilbur A.2/Lt.O823554
57457400944BDell'Oliver, Robert J.1/Lt.O1796245
57457400944FEFrazier, Richard F.S/Sgt.35343654
57457400944RGKash, JeromeSgt.37603390
57457400944AGLoegering, Weston A.Sgt.37564530
SOURCE: Miscellaneous Sources, 1944. 1 Jan 1944
NOTES: Chism and Del Oliver's names come from the Ahrweiler mission taxi sheet. They were flying 42-95927, Pops Wagon. At the Savannah reunion an anonymous contributor supplied the remaining names and indicated that Loesch was co-pilot on the Ahrweiler mission. Loegering was credited with shooting down 5 German fighters on this mission. Chism and Dixon's serial numbers comes from Dave Garnham's database. ADDENDUM: Kash's (AKA Cash) rank and serial number were found in the Medal Awards sections of the 391BG mission records.
574574010444PDauteuil, Donat F.2/Lt.O747759
574574010444CPWilson, John T.2/Lt.O691201
574574010444BKoehler, Martin G.2/Lt.O746893
574574010444FEWade, Charles C.?SGT.34265189
574574010444RGRider, Eugene F.Sgt.36560221
574574010444AGPolaski, Walter F.Cpl.38188584
SOURCE: SO-98, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 3. 10 Apr 1944
NOTES: Lt Dauteuil was shot down on 05/27/44 (41-31716). The softback history says that 6 chutes were seen and that there were 4 survivors. The hardback history shows the above crew members as the actual mission crew. None of the above is listed in "Return of the Marauder Men." Redfield Sweet advised me that Rider made it back and that Rider and Koehler bailed out with one chute, Rider breaking his ankle. Koehler's chute had been damaged by flak. The tail number of the aircraft ferried over comes from SO-37, Hqs 3rd AF Staging Wing, Hunter Field, 02/06/44. Dauteuil flew over in 42-107629. Dave Garnham advises that Dauteuil and Wilson were MIA but did not survive.
574574011453PDay, Billy1/Lt.O792232
574574011453FEHerrin, Leslie E.Sgt.38471726
SOURCE: SO-41, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 2. 14 Mar 1945
NOTES: 43-22652 was an A-26 aircraft. ADDENDUM: Herrin's ASN of O8471726 and rank of 1/Lt. on original website is incorrect. ASN and rank from Air Medal Awards, GO 6, Hq, 9th Air Division, 15 May 1945 (Reel B0427 page 1399).
574574012449PDetjens, Dale C.2/Lt.O705009
574574012449CPKaye, Frederick T.2/Lt.O713468
57457401244BOsterberg, Oliver S.2/Lt.O718124
574574012449FEKowalski, Joseph W.Pvt.16004803
574574012449RGPotocnik, Edward L.Cpl.36815194
574574012449AGMiller, Joseph J.Cpl.37567273
SOURCE: SO-124, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 6. 21 Sep 1944
NOTES: Lt Detjens' plane (41-35010, Snakes Revenge) was shot down on 23 Dec 44. From the hardback history it appears that the above crew was the mission crew that day except that 2Lt Joseph M. Blair replaced Lt Osterberg. Lt Detjens is listed on the Wall of the Missing in the Luxembourg Cemetery. Lts Kaye and Blair are buried there.
574574013451PDingman, Earl N.2/Lt.O720456
574574013451CPHitchcock, Arlie C., Jr.2/Lt.O833332
574574013451BSuperville, Maurice C.F/OT131510
574574013451FEHering, Edgar H.Cpl.36485209
574574013451RGGrimes, Charles M.Cpl.17151951
574574013451AGDestaffan, Anthony J.Cpl.12106290
SOURCE: SO-5, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 2. 11 Jan 1945
57457401444PDonnelly, Edward F.2/Lt.O715739
57457401444CPWroten, Alton B.2/Lt.O718817
57457401444BWard, Walter I.2/Lt.O2063207
57457401444FESampson, William G.Cpl.36589011
57457401444RGHasquin, Felicien, Jr.Cpl.36485250
57457401444AGDe Luca, Gustino F.Cpl.31337188
SOURCE: Miscellaneous Sources, 1944. 1 Jan 1944
NOTES: Lt Donnelly was shot down on 12/23/44 in 42-95841, Powerful Katrinka, Garwick's airplane. I have assumed the above crew, listed in the hardback history, as his regular crew because none is now shown in someone else's crew. Lts Donnelly and Wroten are on the Wall of the Missing in the Henri-Chapelle Cemetery. Sgt Hasquin is buried in the Luxembourg Cemetery. Donnelly and Wroten's serial number comes from Dave Garnham's database.
574574015451PEhrhart, Holmes2/Lt.O719591
574574015451CPHuskisson, John G., Jr.2/Lt.O2061710
574574015451BWhiting, James F.F/OT131573
574574015451FEJohnson, Denzil R.Cpl.17110651
574574015451RGHunt, Bernard P.Cpl.15342118
574574015451AGHendricks, John L.Cpl.38472138
SOURCE: SO-5, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 2. 11 Jan 1945
NOTES: A spare, piloted by Ehrhardt, is shown on the taxi sheet for 6 Mar 45. I suspect that this is a spelling error.
574574016444PEvans, Franklin L.2/Lt.O545328
574574016444CPPott, William H., Jr.2/Lt.O813575
574574016444BPerkins, Robert M.2/Lt.O744550
574574016444FEByrne, Thomas W.S/Sgt.32296055
574574016444RGWay, Richard H.S/Sgt.12218199
574574016444AGLoebel, David N.Sgt.36261396
SOURCE: SO-58, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 5. 27 May 1944
NOTES: The tail number of the aircraft ferried over (42-107606) comes from SO-37, Hqs 3rd AF Staging Wing, Hunter Field, 02/06/44.
574574017451PFields, William E.Capt.O559109
574574017451CPVirostko, Fred2/Lt.O819432
574574017451BUsry, Tom H.2/Lt.O2068062
574574017451FEBrown, John T.Sgt.16030541
574574017451RGMoore, William F.Cpl.38538902
574574017451AGGill, Robert E.Sgt.31114216
SOURCE: SO-318, Hqs, 3RD AF STG WG, Hunter Field, GA, Par. 1. 13 Nov 1944
574574018433PGarwick, Robert W.2/Lt.O796366
574574018433CPKrinke, Marvin E.2/Lt.O692798
574574018432BHinton, Philip D.2/Lt.O733189
574574018433FERamos, SalvadorS/Sgt.39280893
574574018432RGHigbee, George J.S/Sgt.31134591
574574018433AGLund, Stanley R.Pvt.39331201
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: The crew listed above completed 68 missions by Sep 44. Bob Garwick was a member of the original cadre of the 391st. He started as a co-pilot for Lloyd Stanfield but upgraded in the summer of 1943 at Myrtle Beach. The referenced order, which was the overseas deployment order, lists only Garwick, Krinke, Ramos, and Higbee plus a second engineer-gunner, Kitterman, Delbert C., Sgt, 38446873, as the crew for the overseas flight. Bob tells me that Kitterman was not with him and that his co-pilot for the flight overseas was actually Arlie Watkinson, a 1st pilot who was recovering from a crash (where else) in Tampa Bay. He also says that Ramos was not an NMI, as the orders say; his middle name was Ramon. Per Par 4, SO-1, 9th Bombardment Division, 09/25/44, which lists aircrew personnel for return to the ZI, Ramos is identified as Ray S. Krinke, Hinton, and Lund all went over by ship. Bob was in D Flight, led by Stan Bird, and generally flew #2 position on Bird. Bob's plane 42-95841 (Powerful Katrinka) bore the letters 4L-S (for Sugar) and was named for Kate Garwick. The airplane went down on the Ahrweiler mission, flown by Lt Donnelly. ADDENDUM: Lund's serial number, forenames, and rank have since been obtained from the Medal Awards and Crew Loading Lists of the 391BG Mission Records.
574574019449PGray, Warren E.1/Lt.O812576
574574019449CPVaughn, Harry W.2/Lt.O781718
574574019449BCrabb, Thomas D.2/Lt.O2061345
574574019449FESmith, EdwardT/Sgt.6999470
574574019449RGBuckley, Daniel J.S/Sgt.12037426
574574019449AGLay, Ansel B.Sgt.36761814
SOURCE: Miscellaneous Sources, September 1944. 1 Sep 1944
NOTES: This was a made up crew overseas. Lt Gray and Sgt Buckley were assigned by SO-126, Hqs 391st, 09/24/44, Par 3. Lt Gray was shot down on 12/23/44 in 44-67826. I have assumed that the above crew listed in the hardback history was his regular crew. Sgt Buckley was killed and is buried in the Lorraine Cemetery. Another Sgt Buckley was killed that day (with Mickelson) and is also buried there.
57457402044PHaynes, Jack S.2/Lt.O819263
574574020449CPWerner, John C.2/Lt.O781478
574574020449BGreenough, William, II1/Lt.O1010428
57457402044FESchiffner, Edward C.Sgt.32760481
57457402044RGWeiand, Harold W.Sgt.35678760
57457402044AGFetters, Wendell A.Cpl.37657139
SOURCE: Miscellaneous Sources, 1944. 1 Jan 1944
NOTES: This was a made-up crew. Werner and Greenough were assigned by SO-126, HQs 391st, 09/24/44, Par 3. From the softback history, Lt Haynes was shot down on 12/23/44 in 42-95798; he was killed outright, and the aircraft went down in flames. The hardback history gives his middle initial as A, vice S. The three sergeants are all from Lt. Ryan's regular crew and are listed there also. Fetters recently confirmed this crew makeup and that Lt Haynes was killed but that the others got out. Lt Haynes is not listed in "Return of the Marauder Men."
574574021449PHenage, Guy F.2/Lt.O699758
574574021449CPMagner, Alan K., Jr.2/Lt.O823403
574574021449BPeters, John R.2/Lt.O733226
574574021449FEHosking, William H.Sgt.36592721
574574021449RGCourtenay, Rudyard L.Sgt.12160887
574574021449AGGingerich, Everett O.Sgt.37564267
SOURCE: SO-241, Hqs, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 2. 6 Sep 1944
NOTES: On 03/03/45, Lt Henage crashed on takeoff, wrecking 44-67920.
574574022446PHillier, Frank O.1/Lt.O667817
574574022446CPEisaman, Chester M., Jr.2/Lt.O818130
574574022446FECitro, Samuel A.Sgt.12164796
574574022446RGBaker, Charles W.S/Sgt.33502681
SOURCE: SO-157, Hqs, 3RD AF STG WG, Hunter Field, GA, Par. 9. 5 Jun 1944
NOTES: Per OO-2, Hqs 391st BG, 02/06/45, Lt Hillier was lead qualified with Lt Edward H. Hesse, Jr., 1Lt, 0669291, (who arrived in Sep 44) as Bombardier and 2Lt Gilbert A. Luhman, 0718115, (no other information) as Navigator. Hillier flew over in 43-34132.
574574023451PHocker, Clifford F.2/Lt.O718640
574574023451CPMcKim, Roy S., Jr.2/Lt.O833943
574574023451BZuranski, Ralph C.2/Lt.O2069504
574574023451FERader, CarlCpl.38539360
574574023451RGPrice, Wade H.Cpl.34110888
574574023451AGMiller, Waide E.Cpl.33689554
SOURCE: SO-5, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 2. 11 Jan 1945
574574024439PHorridge, Richard M.1/Lt.O24657
574574024439CPMcClurkin, John D.2/Lt.O693061
574574024439FEBasco, Orin S.Sgt.18134960
574574024439RGHale, Rader O.Sgt.15170563
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: The flight over was in 42-95798.
574574025451PHuskey, William M.1/Lt.O664608
574574025451CPWhippy, Richard N.2/Lt.O833857
574574025451BReiser, Ted A.2/Lt.O2068247
574574025451FESunday, Arthur M.Sgt.34546511
574574025451RGMiller, Jay N.Cpl.19109445
574574025451AGSiegfried, Fred J.Cpl.35232783
SOURCE: SO-318, Hqs, 3RD AF STG WG, Hunter Field, GA, Par. 1. 13 Nov 1944
NOTES: On 02/24/45, Lt Huskey's plane, 44-67820, was hit by flak in the left engine, and the right engine then caught fire. Lts. Huskey and Reiser are buried in the Luxembourg Cemetery. Assignment orders give Huskey's name as shown; "Return..." has his name as Huskeym in error.
574574026453PKirby, Melvin E.1/Lt.O524835
574574026453FEHopson, Othel A.Cpl.39131086
SOURCE: SO-41, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 2. 14 Mar 1945
NOTES: 43-22649 was an A-26 aircraft.
574574027451PLehfeldt, William H.2/Lt.O718686
574574027451CPMulloney, Dalton H., Jr.2/Lt.O833795
574574027451BThutt, John O.2/Lt.O2068238
574574027451FEShirkey, John L.Cpl.35656772
574574027451RGSansavera, John S.Cpl.35058700
574574027451AGHenriott, Ray V.Cpl.35705361
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
NOTES: On 04/03/45, flying 44-67877, Lt Lehfeldt's right engine was knocked out by flak over Entebuch. He crash landed in an orchard east of Honnef, totalling the aircraft.
574574028448PLeonard, James H.2/Lt.O556025
574574028448CPWells, Norwood F.2/Lt.O714239
574574028448BSnyder, Robert J.2/Lt.O712240
574574028448FESukey, Emil P.Cpl.35538214
574574028448RGHowlett, John W.Cpl.35700309
574574028448AGCook, Guy O.Cpl.13106581
SOURCE: OO-101, NORTH ATL WG, Dow Field, Bangor, ME, Par. 3. 23 Jul 1944
NOTES: Leonard flew over in 43-34353.
574574029451PLeonard, Stanley S.2/Lt.O718688
574574029451CPNalley, Logan2/Lt.O2067327
574574029451BPalmer, Cleveland C., Jr.2/Lt.O2068114
574574029451FERoos, John A.Cpl.37327250
574574029451RGSewock, WalterCpl.13115889
574574029451AGMontanye, Forrest W.Cpl.31336518
SOURCE: SO-1, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 9. 1 Jan 1945
574574030451PLepinski, Frank L.2/Lt.O721129
574574030451CPNett, Norman J.2/Lt.O834481
574574030451BVaccarella, Leon J.2/Lt.O2068239
574574030451FEHendricks, John W.Cpl.37520324
574574030451RGSchenk, Fred W.Cpl.32773208
574574030451AGHamilton, Arthur W.Cpl.13188343
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
574574031449PLesmeister, Ralph H.2/Lt.O705722
574574031449CPStark, Albert O.2/Lt.O715368
574574031449BPollock, Carl B.2/Lt.O722606
574574031449FEOliphant, Clare H., Jr.Cpl.19194669
574574031449RGStanton, Frank D.Cpl.39694012
574574031449AGStephenson, John H.Cpl.18241927
SOURCE: SO-248, Hqs, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 1. 14 Sep 1944
NOTES: Lt Lesmeister was shot down on 12/23/44 in 42-107597 and was last seen with both wings blazing (softback history). From the hardback history, it appears that his regular crew was aboard, but none listed here is shown as a casualty in "Return of the Marauder Men."
57457403243PLoesch, Lawrence F.Capt.O420611
57457403243CPMetelsky, Peter2/Lt.O669769
57457403243BZimmer, Francis P.O733249
57457403243FEMercer, George B.Sgt.31198026
57457403243RGForster, William J.Sgt.33370371
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: Capt Benjamin F. Schoenfeld, 0407125, a pilot, flew overseas with Capt Loesch in 42-95839. Zimmer's name was supplied by someone at the 1996 reunion. Someone else listed Albert Arena as bombardier. I do not know who Loesch's original bombardier was. Metelsky was first pilot qualified, as he is shown on the taxi sheet for Mission #88. Per OO-2, 391st BG, 02/06/45, by then Lt Col Loesch was lead qualified with Lt Hesse (listed with Lt Hillier) as Bombardier and 1Lt Bernard C. Kinnan, 0807236, (not otherwise identified) as Navigator.
574574033444PLowder, Owen H.2/Lt.O805505
574574033444CPSprouls, Clayton A.2/Lt.O753449
574574033444BFisher, Stanley M.2/Lt.O741499
574574033444FEShaw, Ralph H.S/Sgt.17122089
574574033444RGDowns, Robert L.S/Sgt.6830800
574574033444AGCarbaugh, Delbert H.Sgt.39288385
SOURCE: SO-98, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 3. 10 Apr 1944
574574034444PLowe, Wade F.2/Lt.O805506
574574034444CPGillam, Eugene F.2/Lt.O816461
574574034444BCallahan, John E.2/Lt.O694328
574574034444FEPeebles, Harold W.Sgt.39550509
574574034444RGFisher, Leo W.Sgt.37506025
574574034444AGUhrich, Harold B.S/Sgt.16013789
SOURCE: SO-58, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 5. 27 May 1944
NOTES: On 12/05/44, Lt Lowe crash landed in #42-107815 after running out of fuel. Apparently, only Lt Lowe was injured.
574574035451PMarsh, Robert W.2/Lt.O720308
574574035451CPPratt, George L.2/Lt.O833575
574574035451BPicinski, Henry J.F/OT131615
574574035451FESlone, RichmondCpl.35869422
574574035451RGSemmes, Francis M.Cpl.34802313
574574035451AGHoerst, Norbert F.Cpl.35804286
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
574574036432PMartin, Elmer D.2/Lt.O663059
574574036432CPRichardson, Edgar R., Jr.2/Lt.O735664
574574036432BPogonowski, Edward V.2/Lt.O732896
574574036432FEFasone, Samuel R.S/Sgt.33118697
574574036432RGKimmerle, Frederick G.S/Sgt.13008272
574574036432AGCanavit, Frank L.S/Sgt.36346313
SOURCE: SO-60, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Myrtle Beach, SC, Par. 29 May 1943
NOTES: Per the source order, these individuals were killed, apparently in an aircraft accident. I have assumed the officers' crew positions, based upon the order in which they are listed. The order lists the Summary Courts Officers, not all of whom are in the database, but I have no way of knowing whether they were on crew status.
574574037451PMartin, Ted E.2/Lt.O720310
574574037451CPSmith, Seymour2/Lt.O834049
574574037451BRochefort, William H.F/OT131618
574574037451FESpiewak, Frank J.Cpl.36754293
574574037451RGSilverston, Robert L.Cpl.36557244
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
NOTES: Lt Martin was shot down on 02/10/45 (42-107720); the softback history states that the plane went down in flames. F/O Rochefort and Cpl Silverston are buried in the Netherlands Cemetery.
574574038451PMartorani, Miguel A.2/Lt.O815193
574574038451CPWishard, William H.2/Lt.O833451
574574038451BSavoni, Joseph L., Jr.F/OT128932
574574038451FEWalsh, James P.Sgt.36344025
574574038451RGMontoya, John F.Cpl.38352328
574574038451AGKirk, Howard F., Jr.Pvt.34766913
SOURCE: SO-318, Hqs, 3RD AF STG WG, Hunter Field, GA, Par. 1. 13 Nov 1944
NOTES: The referenced order was needed to connect the officers and enlisted men, because SO-1, Hqs 391st BG, 1 Jan 45, does not positively connect them, but it does assign Martorani to the 574th. Note: Kirk's ASN is listed as 34766912 in Army Enlistment records, but appears as 34766913 in Special Orders 3 and 104 !
574574039449PMatus, Paul M.2/Lt.O706223
574574039449CPYoung, William C.2/Lt.O822677
574574039449BLuhmann, Gilbert A.2/Lt.O718115
574574039449FERaimonde, PaulCpl.32871884
574574039449RGStock, John J.Cpl.32733419
574574039449AGStoeckel, Harry T., Jr.Cpl.19177318
SOURCE: SO-220, Hqs, AAB Barksdale Field, LA, Par. 21. 7 Aug 1944
NOTES: This crew, with changes noted below, was shot down on 12/23/44 in 43-34361. From the hardback history, it appears that Luhmann and Stock were not on this mission but were replaced by 2Lt Earl E. Cline and TSgt William C. Swanson. Sgts Raimonde and Swanson are buried in the Henri-Chapelle Cemetery.
574574040451PMcLaurin, James E.2/Lt.O578447
574574040451CPBlanton, James K., Jr.2/Lt.O667922
574574040451BRunning, Clifford J.F/OT131619
574574040451FETarreto, AlbertCpl.33605165
574574040451RGSmith, Duncan R.Cpl.11071740
574574040451AGMartin, Harry L. F.Cpl.13169959
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
574574041448PMickelson, Clarence E.2/Lt.O705037
574574041448CPSmidl, Ward C.2/Lt.O715820
574574041448BMessel, Kenneth R.2/Lt.O712195
574574041448FEWeibking, Eugene E.Cpl.37609715
574574041448RGTroup, Jay S.Cpl.33489409
574574041448AGBuckley, Robert D.Cpl.17151527
SOURCE: OO-101, NORTH ATL WG, Dow Field, Bangor, ME, Par. 3. 23 Jul 1944
NOTES: Then 1Lt Mickelson was shot down on 12/23/44 in 43-34309. From the hardback history, one could infer that his crew that day was as above plus Lt Col Donald K. Brandon and 2Lt John R. Peters. Lt Mickelson, Col Brandon, and then SSgt Buckley are buried in the Lorraine Cemetery. Mickelson's airplane for the flight over was 42-34348.
57457404244PMozian, Jack2/Lt.O720325
574574042451CPSwain, Hugh B.2/Lt.O828637
574574042451BStevens, William E.F/OT131627
574574042451FEWardlow, Lawrence T.Cpl.35871880
574574042451RGStratman, Jerome V.Cpl.37478404
574574042451AGMontgomery, VictorCpl.16160756
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
NOTES: On 03/03/45, Lt Mozian crashed on takeoff, wrecking 44-67890.
574574043444PNewcomer, Henry C.Maj.O21770
574574043444CPPenney, Edgar L., Jr.2/Lt.O672187
574574043444BPressnall, Leonard D.2/Lt.O664814
574574043444FECampbell, Frederick L.S/Sgt.33362523
574574043444RGPalagi, RolandT/Sgt.19010728
574574043444AGBak, Stephen J.Sgt.12098828
SOURCE: SO-98, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 3. 10 Apr 1944
NOTES: The tail number of the aircraft ferried over (42-107632) comes from SO-37, Hqs 3rd AF Staging Wing, Hunter Field, 02/06/44.
574574044444PNewman, Richard A.2/Lt.O683759
574574044444CPEnzor, Simeon T.2/Lt.O814671
574574044444BFuhrman, Norbert G.2/Lt.O741502
574574044444FEReeves, James P.Sgt.34687665
574574044444RGHall, Albert A.Sgt.39555604
574574044444AGKanthack, Edward J.Sgt.17036612
SOURCE: SO-58, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 5. 27 May 1944
NOTES: Someone at the 1996 reunion noted that Hall was replaced by John E. Tymczak on the 14th mission.
574574045451PPorter, Harry E.2/Lt.O720562
574574045451CPWharton, John O.2/Lt.O718814
574574045451BWalters, Thomas F.F/OT131636
574574045451FEFeldman, MarvinPvt.32979204
574574045451RGVargo, Raymond M.Cpl.38496738
574574045451AGPanosian, GeorgeCpl.36581408
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
574574046449PProctor, Rollin M.2/Lt.O687208
574574046449CPBerglund, Howard A.2/Lt.O822627
574574046449BEwick, HarlanF/OT187376
574574046449FEDeja, Thomas L.S/Sgt.19059151
574574046449RGChalmers, Donald M.Sgt.37338092
574574046449AGCaccamo, Raphael S.Cpl.39121002
SOURCE: SO-241, Hqs, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 2. 6 Sep 1944
NOTES: Two letters of the Armorer Gunner's name are unreadable on my copy of the referenced order. Per softback history, Lt Proctor landed in 43-34177 on 02/23/45 at A-78 with a fuel leak. While waiting to be towed off runway, was hit by a P-47, totalling both aircraft. NOTE: unreadable surname identified as Caccamo from SO-75.
574574047451PRichmond, Manley O.Maj.O401055
574574047451CPBooth, John N., Jr.2/Lt.O721025
574574047451BLandry, Norman J.F/OT133101
574574047451FEGeislar, George G.Cpl.17011803
574574047451RGHiebert, Albert H.Cpl.39293553
574574047451AGPritt, Burl E.Cpl.35771390
SOURCE: SO-318, Hqs, 3RD AF STG WG, Hunter Field, GA, Par. 1. 13 Nov 1944
NOTES: Maj Richmond and SSgt John K. Gross, 37316654, (on whom I have no other information) are listed in "Return..." as having died on 17 Aug 45 and are buried in the Rhone Cemetery. Clyde Kirkbride advises that they crashed into the Mediterranean on the first leg of their flight home and that there were no survivors. No other casualties are listed in "Return...", however. They must have been in an A-26, as one would expect that a B-26 ferry crew would have included a pilot, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer, and radio operator. 391st SO-23 also contains this crew listing.
574574048447PRyan, Bertram L., Jr.2/Lt.O689361
574574048447CPMcLean, Robert E.F/OT61545
574574048447BRouse, Allen V.2/Lt.O761256
57457404844FESchiffner, Edward C.Sgt.32760481
57457404844RGWeiand, Harold W.Sgt.35678760
57457404844AGFetters, Wendell A.Cpl.37657139
SOURCE: SO-95, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 4. 29 Jul 1944
NOTES: Per the softback history, Lt Ryan dropped out of formation on 12/23/44 in 42-95818 (Lady Chance) because of left engine damage from fighters. From the hardback history, it appears that his crew that day, in addition to himself and Lt Rouse, were 2Lt Claude Letzring, SSgt Thomas Netecke, Sgt Milton L. Dean, Jr., and Sgt Clinton B. Trapp. Sgts Dean and Netecke are buried in the Lorraine Cemetery. Schiffner, Weiand, and Fetters flew that day with Lt Haynes.
574574049431PSalmon, Delbert J.1/Lt.O663098
574574049431CPHollis, William N.1/Lt.O731585
574574049431NKinzer, Carl W.2/Lt.O669059
574574049431FEKromm, Delbert C.S/Sgt.16038746
574574049431RGPeterson, Douglas L.S/Sgt.32347183
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: Capt (by then) Salmon became the Squadron Operations Officer after the Ahrweiler mission. The flight over was in 42-95833, Zombie. Hollis is shown as a first pilot on the Mission #4 taxi sheet.
574574050453PSanders, Robert P.1/Lt.O795490
574574050453FEHudaski, JohnCpl.36597012
SOURCE: SO-41, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 2. 14 Mar 1945
NOTES: 43-22643 was an A-26 aircraft. ADDENDUM: Sanders and Hudaski flew A-26C 43-22643 to the ETO. This aircraft was assigned to the 573rd Bomb Squadron, coded T6-B, and was flown on 9 combat missions.
574574051449PSherwood, Norman W.2/Lt.O813962
574574051449CPMackulics, Michael P.F/OT125279
574574051449BSchwarz, Emil L.2/Lt.O760001
574574051449FEMilashoski, Raphael K.Cpl.16074877
574574051449RGWidner, James R.Cpl.15080706
574574051449AGRussell, Robert E.S/Sgt.19098834
SOURCE: SO-121, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 10. 13 Sep 1944
NOTES: Sherwood states that Reid became his RG in the 391st, but he cannot remember his first name.
57457405243PShofner, James F.1/Lt.O662682
57457405243CPRugg, Earl J.2/Lt.O757291
57457405243BSivak, Steven J.Lt.O669130
57457405243NFlake, Thomas J., Jr.1/Lt.O791808
57457405243FEMiller, Leslie R.S/Sgt.33180010
57457405243RGHoldridge, Francis J.S/Sgt.32287062
57457405243AGWilson, Paul J.Sgt.31013843
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: Lt Shofner was a flight leader. On 05/27/44 flak knocked out the right engine (42-95827); control maintained. The hardback history lists the mission crew as 2Lt Bernard (NMI) Davidson, CP; 1Lt Stephen J. Sivak, N; and Sgt Paul J. Wilson, AG (of Bush's crew and also listed there) in addition to Shofner, Miller and Holdridge. I infer that Flake was not on this mission with this crew. The softback history states that there were four survivors; Dave Garnham advises that Davidson and Wilson were killed. At some point, Flake was assigned to Aldous's crew. Lt Rugg was killed on 7 Aug 44 and is buried in the Normandy Cemetery. In SO-127, Hqs 391st BG, 9/1/43, Miller's serial number is given as 35180010. Shofner flew over in 42-95800. Both Flake and Holdridge are shown also with Aldous.
574574053451PSpears, Ralph T.1/Lt.O687641
574574053451CPBlanchard, Gerald M.F/OT65508
574574053451BStrauss, Bertrand M.2/Lt.O2068060
574574053451FEFayle, Clifford H.Sgt.11038008
574574053451RGBlack, John O.Sgt.39535757
574574053451AGCampbell, William W., Jr.Cpl.39233409
SOURCE: SO-318, Hqs, 3RD AF STG WG, Hunter Field, GA, Par. 1. 13 Nov 1944
57457405443PStanfield, Lloyd B.1/Lt.O668154
57457405443CPLucy, Duane V.2/Lt.O795787
57457405443FELelokas, John B.Sgt.13056556
57457405443RGHawkes, Max E.Sgt.36554440
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: According to the referenced order, a second radio-gunner flew overseas with this crew; Brightman, Bernard (NMI), 12039047. From OO-28, Hqs Sta #11, Caribbean Wing ATC, Morrison Field, 5 Jan 44, Talton is shown as co-pilot. The flight over was in 42-95840, Sam Cran. A list of accidents shows this aircraft as crash landing on 05/28/44 and becoming Cat E, but a pilot's name is not given.
574574055449PStevenson, Wilbur P.2/Lt.O704857
574574055449CPKollar, John J.F/OT125313
574574055449BLee, Leonard F.2/Lt.O712178
574574055449FEStruwe, Neel L.S/Sgt.38456954
574574055449RGWalstrom, Arthur C.Sgt.19139693
574574055449AGVerdeal, Louis J.S/Sgt.37701849
SOURCE: SO-241, Hqs, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 2. 6 Sep 1944
NOTES: Lt Stevenson was shot down on 12/23/44 (42-95838). His bombardier on this mission was Emil L. Schwarz, 2Lt, 0760001. Louis Verdeal sent a listing of missing crews on the Ahrweiler mission; he advises that Lt Stevenson went down with the plane in order to give his crew time to bail out and that Col Hugh Walker is trying to obtain the posthumous award of the Medal of Honor to him. Per "Return of the Marauder Men," Lt Stevenson is buried in the Ardennes Cemetery.
574574056435PTalton, John R.1/Lt.O795859
5745740564312CPSalden, Vern E.1/Lt.O757294
57457405644TOGPellissier, Ernest J.T/Sgt.10601628
57457405644EGFowler, JesseSgt.12134197
57457405644RGZobel, Carl J., Jr.Sgt.17114615
57457405644AGShuler, Melvin C., Sr.Sgt.6941952
SOURCE: Miscellaneous Sources, 1944. 1 Jan 1944
NOTES: Per the softback history, Lt Talton crashed on takeoff on 10/05/44 in 42-95873. All were killed. The other names come from the hardback history (serial numbers were not given), and their crew positions are assumed from the order listed. While I do not like to make such assumptions, doing this gets the individuals' names into the database so that they can be searched for. Of the above, only Sgt Zobel is buried in Europe, in the Epinal Cemetery, although Sgt Shuler is listed in "Return of the Marauder Men" on the Wall of the Missing, but his date of death is given as 08/25/44, which does not agree with the date of this crash. Talton flew over as a passenger with Hanish of the 575th, per SO-345, Hqs AAB, Godman Field, dated 12/24/43.
ADDENDUM: Shuler was killed whilst flying with Rice's crew (573BS), whose aircraft was involved in a mid-air collision with Thorn's aircraft on 25 August 1944. Collison was the AG listed in the MACR - see crew #574114 for details.
574574057451PWarrington, Charles W., Jr.2/Lt.O714791
574574057451CPJastremski, Edward C.2/Lt.O831711
574574057451BRansom, William V.F/OT128665
574574057451FEElliott, Andrew J.Cpl.38470641
574574057451RGWilliams, Robert P.Cpl.34801536
574574057451AGKuto, George R.Cpl.36763247
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
NOTES: Lt Warrington's plane, 44-67914, was hit by flak on 01/25/45 and burst into flames during second run on target. F/O Ransom and Cpl Williams are buried in the Netherlands
574574058444PWatson, Fayden D.2/Lt.O684919
574574058444CPUtke, Chester H.2/Lt.O757341
574574058444BLester, Robert W.2/Lt.O681863
574574058444FECampbell, Harry M.S/Sgt.13153106
574574058444RGLudwig, Charles J.Sgt.33369719
574574058444AGCole, Raymond D.Sgt.6545661
SOURCE: SO-98, AAF STA AAF-236, Par. 3. 10 Apr 1944
57457405943PWolfe, William W.2/Lt.O538877
57457405943CPThreadgill, Robert V.2/Lt.O693907
57457405943FEBooth, Looie G.S/Sgt.39231832
57457405943RGGray, John C.T/Sgt.16063406
SOURCE: SO-345, Hqs, AAB Godman Field, KY, Par. 1. 24 Dec 1943
NOTES: Crash landed at New Romney on 03/18/44 in 42-95837, the same airplane as flown over.
574574060451PYoung, Ralph C.2/Lt.O715921
574574060451CPMoonen, Donald F.2/Lt.O2062019
574574060451BSopocy, Steve J.2/Lt.O927925
574574060451FEHartmann, Frederick M.Cpl.32886565
574574060451RGZrelock, JosephCpl.33602220
574574060451AGPrice, Willis W.Cpl.18163565
SOURCE: SO-3, Hqs, 391st Bombardment Group, Par. 1. 9 Jan 1945
574574101434PWolfe, William W.F/OT120368
574574101435CPCallison, William K.2/Lt.O738342
574574101435NOlshak, Raymond F.1/Lt.O660389
574574101435EGFlaherty, Coleman F.S/Sgt.13060924
57457410143RGGray, John C.S/Sgt.16063406
574574101432AGBedgood, Herbert L.S/Sgt.6927505
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-31751. 14 May 1943
NOTES: Landing accident at MacDill Field, FL.
The pilot made a normal approach and lowered his landing gear at 1500 feet at an indicated airspeed of 160 MPH. The pilot flew the ship on in and made a normal landing on runway nine. As the ship rolled down the runway and its speed decreased the left gear gave way allowing the left prop to dig into the concrete runway. The increased weight and strain also caused the right gear to fold but the ship had lost its speed and was stopped on the left nacelle doors and belly before the right prop struck the ground.
Investigation brought out the fact the gear mechanisms were functioning normally and hydraulic pressure was normal. The co-pilot dropped the gear and witnesses felt the increased drag as the gear came down. However, the co-pilot and engineer were not certain the gear was down, and locked. They both checked the indicator but were not satisified due to poor visibility. The co-pilot asked the pilot to check the gear indicator but since he was busy landing the ship he didn't check it carefully. The result being the gear was not down and locked which caused the accident. Both the pilot and co-pilot should assume the responsibility of this accident as neither of them made certain the indicator said "wheels down and locked".
Recommendations : That pilot and co-pilot ascertain definitely if gear is down and locked before landing this model of B-26. Also it is my opinion and recommendation some warning signal should be installed on this model to further assist the pilots in ascertaining whether or not the airplane is ready to land.
574574102432PMartin, Elmer D.2/Lt.O663059
574574102432CPRichardson, Edgar R., Jr.2/Lt.O735664
574574102432BPogonowski, Edward V.2/Lt.O732896
574574102432FEFasone, Samuel R.S/Sgt.33118697
574574102432RGKimmerle, Frederick G.S/Sgt.13008272
574574102432AGCanavit, Frank L.S/Sgt.36346313
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-31762. 29 May 1943
NOTES: This crew were killed in a crash landing at MacDill Field, FL.
574574103434PWolfe, William W.F/OT120368
574574103435CPCallison, William K.2/Lt.O738342
574574103435BNOlshak, Raymond F.2/Lt.O660389
574574103435EGFlaherty, Coleman F.S/Sgt.13060924
574574103432AGBedgood, Herbert L.S/Sgt.6927505
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-17670. 8 Jun 1943
NOTES: Belly landing at Shaw Field, SC.
The Accident Committee report states "This Field was notified about 00:30 that a B-26B at Myrtle Beach could not get his left landing gear down and would proceed to Shaw Field to make a belly landing. Instructions from Myrtle Beach tower were that all crew members were to use parachute except co-pilot, who could either stay with the ship or jump. He decided to stay with the ship. All crew members jumped successfully and the pilot and co-pilot proceeded to land the air plane on the belly with wheels up. It is the consensus of opinion of the Accident Classification Committee that malfunctioning of landing gear was the cause of the accident. This is substantiated by statement of the Sub-Depot after inspection of the landing gear."
57457410443PMetelsky, Peter2/Lt.O669769
574574104432CPWatkinson, Arlie G.2/Lt.O731708
574574104432FEKalbach, Carl R.S/Sgt.13047715
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-31740. 25 Jun 1943
NOTES: Taxiing accident at Myrtle Beach, SC.
Pilot was being checked out as first pilot on this type aircraft. This was the first time he was flying ship from left side of cockpit and was taxiing on taxiway during local rain shower prior to take off.
In the opinion of this committee, the accident was caused by the combination of inexperience of the pilot, wet taxiway, and smooth tires.
RECOMMENDATIONS : Recommend that in the future pilots be checked out in aircraft during better weather conditions, and that they be given aircraft which are as mechanically perfect as possible.
NOTE: The aircraft slid into a ditch; damaging the nose, propellors, and requiring major repairs.
574574105432PAlexander, Julian P.1/Lt.O792150
574574105431CPMajka, Fred J.F/OT187552
574574105432BDwyer, Benjamin W.1/Lt.O666016
574574105432EGSeal, Roderick D.Cpl.38174074
574574105431RGErb, LouisS/Sgt.36149712
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-35074. 21 Jul 1943
NOTES: Crash due to mechanical failure at Godman Field, Fort Knox, KY.
After completing a formation mission the pilot attempted to lower his landing gear for a landing at Godman Field. Because of a broken hydraulic line, the landing gear had to be lowered by emergency procedure. The pilot was unable to lower the flaps and also there was no pressure for the brake system. After landing and rolling to within 800 feet of the end of the runway, the pilot pulled the emergency air brake bottle causing damage to the fuselage and left nacelle by sudden stoppage.
Also the two main landing gear tires were blown. This was the only damage noted at the time, and it was felt that no Form No. 14 was necessary. The tires were replaced by this ship's squadron that night, and the next day the ship was flown back to the home base at Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, where upon further inspection, damage as noted in Incl. No. 4 was discovered.
Incl. No. 4 states "Wrinkled bulkhead at rear of left nacelle, buckled rib above left main gear down lock, distorted plate supporting left main gear down lock, wrinkles and stressed rivets on top of left wing near fuselage, wrinkle on bottom of left wing between fuselage and nacelle, and wrinkle on top of right wing near fuselage." The aircraft was turned over to the 97th Service Group for repairs.
574574106432PWatkinson, Arlie G.1/Lt.O731708
574574106432CPSeiller, Allen J.1/Lt.O731683
5745741064310BGodfrey, Donald C.2/Lt.O741257
574574106435FEHey, Charles H., Jr.Sgt.33225486
574574106435RGHardwick, James T.S/Sgt.34269021
574574106435OTHDailey, William A.Sgt.12139190
574574106EngOffWoessner, William H.2/Lt.O861964
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-35054. 8 Oct 1943
NOTES: All crew except Watkinson and Woessner were killed in aircraft 41-35054 on 8 October 1943 when it crashed 4 mile NE of Mac Dill Field, FL after an engine failure and entering an uncontrollable spin. 574BS History (reel A0644 page 1067) states that Watkinson received a fracture of the left leg and internal injuries. Woessner received a leg fracture, neck injury, and internal injuries. Hardwick died two days later from his injuries. Dailey was from the armament section riding as passenger. In his account of the crash, Watkinson stated that the left engine failed shortly after take off from MacDill, but, after the engine was feathered and the aircraft trimmed accordingly, the aircraft was maintaining 140 MPH and climbing very, very slowly. Intending to land at Peter O'Knight airfield, he made a turn into the dead engine. He misjudged the turn and, after turning back to the right, the aircraft lost airspeed and he was forced to ditch in Tampa Bay. The tail section behind the top turret broke off after it hit the water and the rest of the aircraft flipped onto its back. Only Watkinson and Woessner managed to escape from the submerged aircraft and clambered aboard the aircraft's life-raft. They were picked up by a rescue boat shortly after. Watkinson states that the crew was not braced for a crash landing, and this could account for the casualties. He says that, in future, his crews will know crash landing procedures. When the aircraft was salvaged, the landing gear was found to be down and locked. The accident committee concluded that this was the cause of the accident, but Watkinson and Woessner both state the gear was up before ditching !
574574107432PAlexander, Julian P.1/LT.O792150
574574107432CPDonnelly, William W., Jr.2/LT.O693550
574574107432BSmutsky, Charles B.2/LT.O733239
574574107431EGMcDowell, Charles H.S/SGT.20756301
574574107432RGCuellar, Ted S.T/SGT.38157515
574574107432XVanScott, James H.Sgt.32143457
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-35219. 8 Nov 1943
NOTES: Gunnery accident at Myrtle Beach Bombing Range, SC.
On November 8, 1943, while the 574th Bomb-Sq was on gunnery practice at Myrtle Beach, S.C, the top turret gunner, S/Sgt C. H. McDowell, 20756301, 575th Bomb Sq, in ship 41-35219, was tracing the tow target after making several bursts. As the stabilizer came into the line of fire the left gun discharged causing damage to the stabilizer and elevator. The cartridge had been discharged by the firing pin but had apparently been "cooked off". The gun stops were in operation. Ship is being repaired in Squadron.

According to the "Flight Report - Operations" document within the Accident Report, Alexander, Donnelly, Smutsky, McDowell, Sgt. H. Sontag (Alexander's regular AG) and Sgt. A. J. Mohler (duty code annotated W) flew this aircraft from 13:25 to 14:25 on the day of the accident, but without Van Scott. Van Scott (duty code annotated W) flew with the Bird crew earlier the same day. This appears to contradict the crew listing given in the Form No. 14 Accident Report which also gives the time of the accident as 14:00 EWT !
57457410843PMetelsky, Peter2/Lt.O669769
574574108442CPDietschler, Elmer A.2/Lt.O692954
57457410843FELittle, Joseph R.S/Sgt.11038778
57457410843RGForster, William J.Sgt.33370371
574574108433AGRamos, SalvadorSgt.39280893
574574108435XHalpin, William M.Pfc.32449879
574574108432XJenkins, William B., Jr.S/Sgt.33219922
574574108432XShupenko, Anthony S.Sgt.31109362
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-34799. 14 Dec 1943
NOTES: Taxiing accident at Jacksonville AAF, FL.
On the night of 14 December 1943, at approximately 1845 EWT?, a B-26 piloted by 2nd Lt Peter Metelsky collided with a parked B-25 airplane on the transient hanger [sic] line. Bad weather further south of the terminal and heavy traffic resulted in Jacksonville. Lack of personnel prevented the line crew form [sic] guarding each tip of parked and taxiing planes.
It is evident that the pilot saw the B-25 parked on the line as he states that he did not think he was that close. It is the opinion of the committee that the subject pilot was taxiing too fast and that uncertain as to the exact position of other aircraft should have stopped before taxiing on.
The parked B-25 42-87303 from Hunter Field, GA, sustained damage to left rudder, right rudder, left vertical stabilizer, left elevator, horizontal stabilizer, and the rear turret.
The left wing tip and aileron of 41-34799 were damaged in the collision.
Metelsky states that he was tired after flying thru clouds in formation, and that the lights on the hangar were blinding him. He was in transit from Godman Field, Fort Knox, KY, to Myrtle Beach Bombing Range, SC, for the purpose of obtaining gunnery practice.
57457410943CPElrod, Floyd E.2/Lt.O692865
SOURCE: MACR 07795?, 42-95851. 11 May 1944
NOTES: Elrod appears on the US Army and Air Force Casualty Lists. USAAFDATA records state that date of death was 11 May 1944 and the aircraft serial number 42-95851. As no MACR exists for this aircraft on this date and his name does not appear in any MACR, I assume that only he was killed whilst flying in this aircraft. ADDENDUM: Information from the 391BG records and Paul Clouting show that Elrod was fatally wounded by a piece of propeller blade whilst co-pilot of 42-95835. The aircraft had made an emergency single-engine landing back at base when the nose wheel collapsed. The aircraft had returned from the Criel mission (#55) on 11 May 1944.
57457411043PShofner, James F.Capt.O662682
574574110442CPDavidson, Bernard2/Lt.O667495
57457411043BSivak, Steven J.1/Lt.O669130
57457411043FEMiller, Leslie R.S/Sgt.33180010
57457411043RGHoldridge, Francis J.T/Sgt.32287062
57457411043AGWilson, Paul J.Sgt.31013843
SOURCE: MACR 05131, 42-95827. 27 May 1944
NOTES: target: Maisons-Lafitte RR Bridge, France. Holdridge was hospitalized with fractured ankles. Crew captured.
574574111444PDauteuil, Donat F.2/Lt.O747759
574574111444CPWilson, John T.2/Lt.O691201
574574111444BKoehler, Martin G.2/Lt.O746893
574574111444FEWade, Charles C.Sgt.34265189
574574111444RGRider, Eugene F.Sgt.36560221
574574111444AGPolaski, Walter F.Cpl.38188584
SOURCE: MACR 05135, 41-31716. 27 May 1944
NOTES: target: Maisons-Lafitte RR Bridge, France. Hit by FLAK. Right engine was smoking and the aircraft was going down at 45 degree angle but under control. All 6 crew bailed out. Wade suffered serious injury and was in a plaster cast from waist to foot. Co-Pilot hospitalized too. Polaski and Rider evaded capture and were eventually liberated. Koehler and Wilson were sent to German POW camp. Dauteuil also evaded but was captured November 1944 and became a POW.
574574112435PCallison, William K.1/Lt.O738342
57457411243CPRugg, Earl J.2/Lt.O757291
574574112444TOGCaywood, Acle B.S/Sgt.35265263
57457411243FEKoleszarik, Stephen A.S/Sgt.13030228
57457411243RGHanzl, Joseph E.S/Sgt.35307207
57457411244AGSimones, Howard F.S/Sgt.36397034
SOURCE: MACR 07795, 42-95851. 7 Aug 1944
NOTES: Target: Nogent Le Roi Bridge, France. 42-95851 was hit by FLAK in left wing, went into a spin, and crashed near Conde Sur N? (south of Caen), France.
574574113449PBrown, Clyde G.Capt.O424095
574574113449CPBishop, George M.2/Lt.O715127
574574113449BEstrem, Paul J.2/Lt.O765475
574574113448EGVidler, Robert L.S/Sgt.39409473
574574113449RGGagne, Joseph N.Sgt.31218335
574574113449AGBrillhart, Gene W.Cpl.18123496
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95807. 5 Oct 1944

Take off accident weather at Amy (Roye)/A-73.

On October 5, 1944, Capt Clyde G. Brown took off on a combat mission in a B-26B45, AAF #42-95807. The visibility was poor, being reduced to two hundred (200) to four hundred (400) feet by fog, and he made an instrument take off. A few seconds after becoming airborne he hit a power line, or a communications line, and severely damaged the aircraft. It should be noted that upon taking off from the runway used by Captain Brown, it is necessary to climb two hundred (200) to three hundred (300) feet per minute to maintain safe ground altitude. Captain Brown keep the plane under control and climbed straight ahead through the overcast.

Being unable to continue on his mission the pilot salvoed his bombs, unarmed, into an open field and landed at Airstrip A-59, gear down, with no further damage. There were no injuries.

Cause: Take off in inclement weather, i.e., poor visibility.

Recommendations: None.

574574114435PTalton, John R.1/Lt.O795859
5745741144312CPSalden, Vern E.1/Lt.O757294
57457411444TOGPellissier, Ernest J.T/Sgt.10601628
57457411444EGFowler, JesseSgt.12134197
57457411444RGZobel, Carl J., Jr.Sgt.17114615
574574114447AGCollison, Arden J.S/Sgt.37667756
SOURCE: MACR 15281, 42-95873. 5 Oct 1944

Killed in take-off crash in 42-95873 at Roye Amy/A-73.

On October 5, 1944, 1st Lt John R. Talton took off in a B-26B50 AAF No. 42-95873, on a combat mission and crashed two miles northeast of AAF Station A-73. When the formation began to take off visibility was one (1) mile but fog was moving in. At the time of 1st Lt Talton's take off visibility had been reduced to 200-400 yards. A reaper, approximately two (2) miles off the end of the runway, was struck by the right propeller of the aircraft, the contact dismounting the right engine. Upon taking off from the runway used by 1st Lt Talton, it is necessary to climb 200-300 feet per minute to maintain safe ground clearance because of the rising terrain and power lines.

Cause: Inclement weather and terrain.

Recommendations: It is felt that terrain north of this field (ie rising ground and high tension lines) makes instrument takeoffs in that direction a special case, extremely hazardous, thus precluding and recommendation for general instrument training.

NOTE: Only Collison survived and he sustained a fractured skull and burns, resulting in facial disfigurement.

574574115431PHollis, William N.1/Lt.O731585
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95807. 31 Oct 1944
NOTES: Ground looped at Roye-Amy/A-73.
574574116449PStevenson, Wilbur P.1/Lt.O704857
574574116449CPKollar, John J.2/Lt.O1995972
574574116449BSchwarz, Emil L.2/Lt.O760001
574574116449FEStruwe, Neel L.S/Sgt.38456954
574574116449RGWalstrom, Arthur C.Sgt.19139693
574574116449AGVerdeal, Louis J.S/Sgt.37701849
SOURCE: MACR 11485, 42-95838. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. 42-95838 was hit in tail turret and right wing. Fire spread to bomb bay. Stevenson held plane steady while all of the crew bailed out, but was killed when it exploded.
574574117431PBrandon, Donald K.L/Col.O388874
574574117448PMickelson, Clarence E.1/Lt.O705037
574574117448CPSmidl, Ward C.2/Lt.O715820
574574117448BMessel, Kenneth R.2/Lt.O712195
574574117449BPeters, John R.2/Lt.O733226
574574117448FEWeibking, Eugene E.S/Sgt.37609715
574574117448RGTroup, Jay S.S/Sgt.33489409
574574117448AGBuckley, Robert D.S/Sgt.17151527
SOURCE: MACR 11651, 43-34309. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. Buckley (tail gunner) reported his guns had jammed, and was then killed after being struck in the chest by a 20mm shell. Crew bailed out but Mickelson and Brandon could not open nose wheel door or bomb bay and may have been trying to land aircraft which either crashed or blew up.
574574118449PGray, Warren E.1/Lt.O812576
574574118449CPVaughn, Harry W.2/Lt.O781718
574574118449BCrabb, Thomas D.2/Lt.O2061345
574574118449FESmith, EdwardT/Sgt.6999470
574574118449RGBuckley, Daniel J.S/Sgt.12037426
574574118449AGLay, Ansel B.Sgt.36761814
SOURCE: MACR 11660, 44-67826. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. Aircraft hit in rear and engines by enemy fighters.
574574119449PBrown, Clyde G.Capt.O424095
574574119449CPBishop, George M.2/Lt.O715127
574574119449BEstrem, Paul J.2/Lt.O765475
574574119448FEVidler, Robert L.S/Sgt.39409473
574574119449RGCourtenay, Rudyard L.Sgt.12160887
574574119449AGBrillhart, Gene W.S/Sgt.18123496
SOURCE: MACR 11664, 42-95865. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. Enemy aircraft attacked from right and No.2 (Detjens 41-35010) received most of the fire and dropped out of formation. No.3 (Donnelly - 42-95841) left formation. No.4 (Brown - 42-95865) moved into No.2 position and was attacked by fighters. The tail of his aircraft was shot off and it span out of control. Brillhart states that Vidler and Courtenay also bailed out.
574574120449PLesmeister, Ralph H.1/Lt.O705722
574574120449CPStark, Albert O.2/Lt.O715368
574574120449BPollock, Carl B.2/Lt.O722606
574574120449FEOliphant, Clare H., Jr.S/Sgt.19194669
574574120449RGStanton, Frank D.S/Sgt.39694012
574574120449AGStephenson, John H.S/Sgt.18241927
SOURCE: MACR 11669, 42-107597. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. Stephenson (tail gunner) was firing at an enemy fighter attacking from the rear. It is assumed that he either killed or injured the enemy pilot as there was a collision. The enemy fighter sliced off the rear turret leaving a gaping hole and killing Stephenson. The fighter lost a wing and went down. All crew bailed out and survived, becoming POW.
57457412144PDonnelly, Edward F.2/Lt.O715739
57457412144CPWroten, Alton B.2/Lt.O718817
57457412144BWard, Walter I.2/Lt.O2063207
57457412144FESampson, William G.Cpl.36589011
57457412144RGHasquin, Felicien, Jr.Cpl.36485250
57457412144AGDe Luca, Gustino F.Cpl.31337188
SOURCE: MACR 11671, 42-95841. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. Enemy aircraft attacked from right and No.2 (Detjens 41-35010) received most of the fire and dropped out of formation. No.3 (Donnelly - 42-95841) left formation. No.4 (Brown - 42-95865) moved into No.2 position and was attacked by fighters. The tail of his aircraft was shot off and it span out of control.
574574122449PMatus, Paul M.1/Lt.O706223
574574122449CPYoung, William C.2/Lt.O822677
57457412244BCline, Earl E.2/Lt.O2061147
574574122449FERaimonde, PaulS/Sgt.32871884
57457412244RGSwanson, William C.T/Sgt.32422413
574574122449AGStoeckel, Harry T., Jr.S/Sgt.19177318
SOURCE: MACR 11672, 43-34361. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. Matus and Stoeckel (43-34361 - No.6, low flight) saw an enemy aircraft collide with Lesmeister's aircraft (42-107597 - No.5) and shear off the tail turret. The enemy aircraft lost a wing and went down. Matus in 43-34361 was attacked by fighters and the aircraft lost its left engine and elevator control. A witness reported that its tail was missing and that it was rocking back and forth. A fire started and spread to bomb bay. Stoeckel states that Raimonde and Swanson had their chutes on, but failed to bail out before aircraft went into a spin at low altitude.
57457412344PHaynes, Jack S.2/Lt.O819263
574574123449CPWerner, John C.2/Lt.O781478
574574123449BGreenough, William, II1/Lt.O1010428
57457412344FESchiffner, Edward C.S/Sgt.32760481
57457412344RGWeiand, Harold W.S/Sgt.35678760
57457412344AGFetters, Wendell A.S/Sgt.37657139
SOURCE: MACR 11673, 42-95798. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. FLAK damage to 42-95798 caused one engine to run rough, but continued with bomb run. Turning off the bomb run, aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters, which caused fire in bomb bay. Haynes stayed at the controls to enable rest of crew to bail out, but aircraft went into vertical dive just as last man was leaving.
574574124449PDetjens, Dale C.1/Lt.O705009
574574124449CPKaye, Frederick T.2/Lt.O713468
5745741244411BBlair, Joseph M.2/Lt.O558793
574574124449FEKowalski, Joseph W.S/Sgt.16004803
574574124449RGPotocnik, Edward L.S/Sgt.36815194
574574124449AGMiller, Joseph J.S/Sgt.37567273
SOURCE: MACR 11674, 41-35010. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. 41-35010 was flying in box 2, low flight, No.2. Enemy aircraft attacked from the right and 41-35010 received most of the fire and dropped out of formation. The gunners in the rear of the aircraft state that the aircraft went into a steep dive and seemed to be out of control, suggesting that the pilot and co-pilot may have been seriously injured by the fighter attack. Kowalski was seriously injured in the TT. Only Kowalski and Potocnik managed to bail out, Miller being pinned in the tail by the force of the rapid descent before the aircraft crashed.
574574125447PRyan, Bertram L., Jr.1/Lt.O689361
5745741254412CPLetzring, Claude2/Lt.O833355
574574125447BRouse, Allen V.2/Lt.O761256
574574125448FEDean, Milton L., Jr.S/Sgt.38389353
574574125448RGNetecke, Thomas M.S/Sgt.16168989
574574125447AGTrapp, Clinton R.Sgt.35480911
SOURCE: MACR 11677, 42-95818. 23 Dec 1944
NOTES: Target: Ahrweiler, Germany. Formation attacked by 50 to 75 enemy aircraft attacking in waves of 10 to 15 aircraft. 42-95818 was flying box 1, low flight, No.6. 12 enemy aircraft attacked and 42-95818 was hit in left engine. The engine burst into flames and the aircraft began to lose altitude. The witness Christensen's role is not stated in the report and so is a guess.
574574127451PFields, William E.Capt.O559109
574574127451CPVirostko, Fred2/Lt.O819432
574574127451BUsry, Tom H.2/Lt.O2068062
574574127451FEBrown, John T.Sgt.16030541
574574127451RGMoore, William F.Cpl.38538902
574574127451AGGill, Robert E.Sgt.31114216
SOURCE: Accident Report, 44-67871. 16 Jan 1945
NOTES: Take off accident at Roye/A-73. On 16th January 1945, Captain William E. Fields taxied a B-26G15 aircraft, AF No. 44-67871 to the east end of runway 28 in preparation for take-off on a combat mission. He was scheduled to fly number No. 2 position in the low flight of the second box. Captain Fields started his take-off run at the proper interval behind the leader of his flight. After he had proceeded down the runway approximately 1000 feet, his ship was observed to strike a snow bank which lay at the left edge of the runway and to continue through this bank, leaving the runway and collapsing the nose wheel. Investigation showed that the nose wheel down-lock had been sheared off probably by the impact of the wheel against the snowbank. Cause: Failure of the pilot to correctly align his aircraft straight down the runway by the use of throttles or brakes, resulted in plane striking snow bank at end of runway, breaking loose the down-lock and collapsing the nose wheel. Tire tracks from the aircraft indicates that the plane did not slip or swerve but continued along a straight line towards the runway edge. Responsibility: 100% pilot error. Recommendations: The board recommends that Captain Fields be given transition flights at every available opportunity and that he be given a check ride by competent personnel to determine whether or not he is capable of continuing his duties as first pilot. This recommendation is made in view of the fact that Captain Fields has flown, as first pilot, only 11 hours since his assignment to this group.
574574128451PWarrington, Charles W., Jr.2/Lt.O714791
574574128451CPJastremski, Edward C.2/Lt.O831711
574574128451BRansom, William V.F/OT128665
574574128451FEElliott, Andrew J.Sgt.38470641
574574128451RGWilliams, Robert P.Sgt.34801536
574574128451AGKuto, George R.Sgt.36763247
SOURCE: MACR 12203, 44-67914. 25 Jan 1945
NOTES: Target: Euskirchen, Germany. 44-67914 was flying box 2, high flight, No.5. Two bomb runs were made on the target. The aircraft was hit by FLAK and a hole the size of a turret appeared in the top of front bomb bay. Flames were coming out of the hole and the aircraft made a shallow turn to left under No.4. It then began spiralling towards the ground with pieces of aircraft flying off until it hit the ground. Ransom (the Bombardier in the nose) did not respond to bail out order, so he may have been wounded or unconscious. Williams was either killed when aircraft exploded or his parachute may have caught fire.
57457412944PSpangler, Richard B.1/Lt.O807535
574574129449CPFrick, Ralph L.2/Lt.O781276
574574129451BWalters, Thomas F.F/OT131636
574574129447NSaathoff, Wilbert L.1/Lt.O748106
574574129449FEMcNamara, George P.S/Sgt.39103681
574574129RGTymczak, John E.S/Sgt.32446274
574574129448AGJefferson, Jack M.Sgt.36767518
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95931. 27 Jan 1945
NOTES: Landing accident at Roye/A-73. On 27th of January 1945, 1st Lieutenant Richard B. Spangler was flying a B-26B50 aircraft, AF number 42-95931, on a local training mission for the purpose of formation practice. Aircraft was loaded with 2 x 2000 lb GP bombs. Upon completing his mission, Lieutenant Spangler returned to base and made a normal landing on runway 100, touching down in the first quarter of the runway and slightly right of centre. Approximately 200 yards beyond the touchdown point, the plane ran off the right side of the runway, going through a deep bank of snow at the runway edge. Impact with this snow bank tore off the right main gear and the nose gear. The plane continued sliding for about 50 yards, collapsing the left main gear and turning through almost 180 degrees. Aircraft is total loss as result of this accident. Examination of tire tracks indicates that accident was due to deflated right main wheel tire. Track made by right tire was almost twice as wide as that made by normally inflated tire. tire was found to be deflated immediately after accident, with no apparent break in casing. Subsequent inspection revealed valve stem to be sheared in two within the casing. Calls: 100% material failure. Plane landed with deflated right main wheel tire, causing aircraft to leave runway. Recommendations: None.
574574130451PMcLaurin, James E.2/Lt.O578447
574574130451CPBlanton, James K., Jr.2/Lt.O667922
574574130451BRunning, Clifford J.F/OT131619
574574130451FETarreto, AlbertCpl.33605165
574574130451RGSmith, Duncan R.Cpl.11071740
574574130451AGMartin, Harry L. F.Cpl.13169959
SOURCE: Accident Report, 44-67829. 27 Jan 1945
NOTES: Crashed on take off at Roye/A-73. On 27th January 1945, 2nd Lieutenant James E. McLaurin took off on a local training mission in a B-26G15 aircraft, AF number 44-67829. Take-off was on runway 100. Ship was landed with 2 x 2000 lb GP bombs. Lt. McLaurin's take off run was exceptionally long, his ship remaining on the ground almost to the end of the runway. Immediately after becoming airborne and before the wheels were fully retracted, aircraft was seen to bank to the right momentarily, right itself and then crash straight ahead. Observation from the ground, confirmed by the statements of the pilot and co-pilot, seem to indicate either partial or complete loss of power on the right engine. Aircraft is total loss as result of this accident. Upon examination of the aircraft and its engines, subsequent to the accident, the right engine carburettor heat control lever was found in the hot position, the carburettor air scoop was closed and the hot air intake gate was in the open position. Inspection of the spark plugs of the right engine showed them to be be badly burnt and covered with a heavy deposit of carbon. Upon questioning, the pilot stated that the carburettor control levers were in the neutral position before and during takeoff. He admitted, however, that he had not, prior to takeoff, assured cold operation by placing the control lever in the cold position and then returning it to neutral. Lieutenant McLaurin also stated that, at no time between engine-start and take-off, did he idle his engines at such speed as might make possible the the leading-up of the spark plugs because of excessively low RPM. Cause: 100% pilot error. The facts disclosed by examination of the right engine, taken in conjunction with the pilot statements, leave the board to the conclusion that this accident was caused by partial or complete loss of power on the right engine, due to detonation. The board believes that this detonation was directly attributable to the pilot's failure to check properly the position of his carburettor heat controls prior to takeoff. Recommendations: None. NOTE: None of the crew were injured except for McLaurin and Martin who received minor and major injuries respectively.
574574131451PMartin, Ted E.2/Lt.O720310
574574131451CPSmith, Seymour2/Lt.O834049
574574131451BRochefort, William H.F/OT131618
574574131451FESpiewak, Frank J.Sgt.36754293
574574131451RGSilverston, Robert L.Sgt.36557244
574574131451AGMann, Robert E.Sgt.36870445
SOURCE: MACR 12222, 42-107720. 10 Feb 1945
NOTES: Target: Berg Gladbach, Germany. Aircraft crashed 10km south of Koblenz. Window ships. Each box made 3 runs on target. 42-107720 was flying box 2, second flight. It received a direct FLAK hit in right wing engine nacelle, and the right wing and engine were blown off. The aircraft flipped onto its back, burst into flames, and began to spin downwards.
574574132451PHuskey, William M.1/Lt.O664608
574574132451CPWhippy, Richard N.2/Lt.O833857
574574132451BReiser, Ted A.2/Lt.O2068247
574574132451FESunday, Arthur M.Sgt.34546511
574574132451RGMiller, Jay N.Sgt.19109445
574574132451AGSiegfried, Fred J.Sgt.35232783
SOURCE: MACR 12606, 44-67820. 24 Feb 1945
NOTES: Target: Irlich, Germany. 44-67820 (820-U) was flying No.2 in a lead element of 3 ships. It was hit by FLAK and both engines were on fire with one feathered. The bombs were salvoed, after which the aircraft went into a dive and exploded. The 3 gunners bailed out, but the Officers were killed in the explosion. The aircraft crashed near Deukelford, Germany.
57457413344PMozian, Jack2/Lt.O720325
574574133451CPSwain, Hugh B.2/Lt.O828637
574574133451BStevens, William E.F/OT131627
574574133451FEWardlow, Lawrence T.Sgt.35871880
574574133RGCope, Joe B.Sgt.38514598
574574133AGGoodall, William T.Sgt.34507103
SOURCE: Accident Report, 44-67890. 3 Mar 1945
NOTES: Take off accident at Roye/A-73. On 3 March 1945, 2nd Lieutenant Jack Mozian was scheduled to fly a B-26G15 aircraft, AF No. 44-67890, on a combat bombing mission. His position in the formation was the No. 2 man of the lead flight in the first box. Lieutenant Mozian began his take-off run on runway to 280, in proper order in formation and at normal interval behind the plane proceeding him. His ship became airborne after rolling about half the length of the runway and then settled back to the runway almost immediately and before the wheels were fully retracted. The plane skidded down the runway for approximately 300 yards and finally went off the runway's left edge. Aircraft is complete wreck as result of this accident. Pilot's statement furnishes no definite evidence of engine failure. Both the pilot and co-pilot admit that the engines checked out normally when run up in the hard stand and that they seemed to put out full power then and on the take-off run before ship became airborne. Examination of engine subsequent to accident revealed no evidence of malfunction. Cause: 100-percent pilot error. The board feels that the lack of definite evidence of engine failure, taken in conjunction with the plane's shorter than usual take-off run, lead to the conclusion that the aircraft was taken off with insufficient speed to remain airborne. Recommendations: None.
574574134449PHenage, Guy F.1/Lt.O699758
574574134449CPMagner, Alan K., Jr.1/Lt.O823403
574574134BWatrous, Edgar C.S/Sgt.31009803
574574134449FEHosking, William H.S/Sgt.36592721
574574134449RGGagne, Joseph N.Cpl.31218335
574574134AGFarmer, William J.S/Sgt.37527185
SOURCE: Accident Report, 44-67920. 3 Mar 1945
NOTES: Take off accident at Roye/A-73. On 3 March 1945, 1st Lieutenant Guy F. Henage was scheduled to take off on a combat bombing mission in a B-26G15 aircraft, AF No. 44-67920, his position in formation was No. 2, high flight, first box. Lieutenant Henage began his take off run on runway 050, in proper order in formation and at normal interval behind the ship preceding him. Take-off run was made on left side of runway, the preceding ship having taken off on the right hand side, wind was 90 degrees cross-wind from the left, velocity about 12 miles per hour. After rolling more than 3/4 the length of the runway, ship became airborne, was observed to swerve towards its left and then to crash, with wheels retracted, off the end of and to the left of the runway. Aircraft is complete wreck as result of this accident. Lieutenant Henage stated that, just at point of becoming airborne, his ship showed the strong and continued tendency to swerve to the left, which rapidly became uncontrollable and thus necessitated his cutting power and crash landing the aircraft. Co-pilot and engineer stated upon questioning, that they observed a drop in RPM and manifold pressure. They both agreed with the pilot that there was a definite and severe loss of power on the left engine. Cause: 100% material failure. The board feels that this accident occurred as a direct result of either partial or complete loss of power on the left engine. Statements of pilot, co-pilot and engineer; the behavior of the ship as observed from the ground; and the impossibility of strong prop-wash having been encountered due to the relative position of ships with respect to surface wind are believed to constitute sufficient weight of evidence to support this conclusion. Recommendations none.
574574135452PJohnson, Clark G.2/Lt.O555011
574574135452CPMasco, Robert H.2/Lt.O2058234
574574135452BSchneiderman, Norman W.F/OT132603
574574135452FERiddell, Felix O.Sgt.34635739
574574135452RGLunsford, Arthur M.Sgt.34774196
574574135452AGMcMahon, William J.Sgt.35146993
SOURCE: MACR 13671, 44-67929. 3 Apr 1945
NOTES: Target: Hameln M/Y, Germany. 44-67929 (929-K) was flying box 1, high flight, No.5. Flew for 1 hour with formation. During a steep climb through cloud its left engine was seen to be smoking. It fell back and was was not seen when the formation came out above the cloud,
574574136451PHocker, Clifford F.1/Lt.O718640
574574136451CPMcKim, Roy S., Jr.2/Lt.O833943
574574136451BZuranski, Ralph C.2/Lt.O2069504
574574136451FERader, CarlSgt.38539360
574574136451RGPrice, Wade H.Sgt.34110888
SOURCE: Accident Report, 42-95807. 5 Apr 1945
NOTES: Crash landing at Laon/ 5mi N A-69. On 5 April 1945, 1st Lt Clifford F. Hocker was flying a B-26 aircraft, A.F. #42-95807 on a scheduled training mission; instruments and practice navigation. By his own admission, Lt Hocker was buzzing a farmer in a field. In so doing he flew so low that the propeller blades struck the ground. In attempting to regain altitude, he pulled back so abruptly on control column that the tail turret struck the ground. Being unable to regain a safe altitude, he crash landed straight ahead. The aircraft was loaded with four (4) X one thousand (1000) lb. Gp bombs. Three of these were dislodged and thrown through the bombay, when the tail turret struck the ground. The aircraft caught fire and burned, detonating the remaining bomb. All personnel had evacuated the area prior to detonation of bomb. Cause: One-hundred per cent (100%) pilot error. Pilot was acting in direct disobedience of AAF Regulations and local flying orders in indulging in unauthorised low flying. Recommendations: None.
574574137453PSlessinger, Maynard2/Lt.O764936
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22648. 10 Apr 1945
NOTES: Landing accident at Roye/A-73.
574574138455PMiddlebrooks, Melvin T.1/Lt.O671059
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22527. 25 May 1945
NOTES: Crashed belly landing at Asch/Y-29. ADDENDUM: Middlebrooks' ASN obtained from Special Orders #113, 23 April 1945, with promotion from 1/Lt. to Captain.
574574139456PLonergan, John E.2/Lt.O782766
574574139456BPereira, Joseph F., Jr.F/OT136579
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22600. 8 Jun 1945
NOTES: Killed in crash near Birkenfeld, Germany.
574574140456PMurphy, Edward F.1/Lt.O760655
574574140456BDraganchuk, William2/Lt.O2069438
574574140456GGreen, Everett M.S/Sgt.33647600
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22598. 9 Jun 1945
NOTES: Taxiing accident at Vitry-en-Artois (B-50).

On 9 June 1945, 1st Lt Edward F. Murphy was taxiing an A-26C25 AAF #43-22598 aircraft back to its hardstand after a routine training flight. After entering the parking area Lt Murphy attempted to turn the aircraft around. While so doing, his right propeller came close enough to a canvas cover at the edge of the parking area to blow it back and consequently drag a tool box into the path of the propeller. The tips of the three blades were bent slightly necessitating replacement of the propeller.

Immediate Cause: Right propeller struck crew chief's tool box.

Underlying Cause: Poor judgement on the part of the pilot, first, in not allowing sufficient clearance to turn his plane around in, and secondly, in not waiting until a ground crew member arrived to direct his taxiing.

Responsibility: 100% Pilot error.

Recommendations: None.

574574141456PBroomfield, William S.UNK101
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22661. 11 Jun 1945
NOTES: Taxiing accident at Vitry-en-Artois/B-50.
574574142456PMartin, Dorsey L.Capt.O885239
574574142456BBrooks, Eugene F.1/Lt.O765463
574574142456NPearl, Paul1/Lt.O800758
574574142456GAylor, Albert S.Sgt.18190338
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-22598. 13 Jun 1945

Ground collision 5 miles West of Neurenburg, Germany.

On 13 June 1945, Captain Dorsey L. Martin, was flying an A-26C25 type aircraft AAF #43-22598 on a low altitude navigation mission.

After entering the authorized low level area, Captain Martin dropped to tree-top level. Shortly thereafter when the pilot attempted to pull up over an exceptionally tall tree the plane mushed, causing the plexiglass to be broken by the top branches of the tree. The plane was flown back to base and landed without further mishap.

Immediate Cause: Lower half of plexiglass nose was broken by contact with tree.

Underlying Cause: Poor judgement on the part of the pilot in allowing his plane to get close enough to the tree so that excessive control had to be used in an attempt to clear the top branches.

Responsibility: 100% Pilot error. (Judgement)

Recommendations: None.

574574143449PProctor, Rollin M.1/Lt.O687208
SOURCE: Accident Report, 43-34177 23 Feb 1945
NOTES: Collision at AAF A-78. At 16:20, a B-26 made an emergency landing on runway 27. The pilot pulled the air bottle and the plane stopped on the right hand side of the runway some distance from the west end of the runway. Equipment was sent out to remove the plane from the runway. At 16:45, the B-26 was on the west perimeter north of the runway with approximately 1/3 of the fuselage over the runway. At 16:47, 2nd Lieutenant Morris H. Miller in P-47D-11, AF No. 42-75612, collided with the B-26 whilst taking off. Both aircraft were turned over to the 99th Service Squadron for salvage. There were no casualties. NOTE: B-26 AF No. is not specified in the Accident Report and is inferred from other sources.
57457414443PAldous, Charles G.1/Lt.O727827
57457414443CPQuick, Hillis E.2/Lt.O687634
57457414443BBraverman, Eugene A.2/Lt.O741230
574574144431NKinzer, Carl W.2/Lt.O669059
57457414443EGLittle, Joseph R.S/Sgt.11038778
57457414443RGHawkes, Max E.Sgt.36554440
57457414443TGKershaw, Dawson U.S/Sgt.32457359
SOURCE: SO-44, Hqs, IX Bomber Command, Par. 16 - transfer of air crew to 1st Pathfinder Squadron (M) Provisional. 14 Feb 1944
NOTES: Crew transferred to 1st Pathfinder Squadron (M) Provisional before 391st BG flew their first combat mission.
574574145444PMorris, William E.2/Lt.O685169
57457414544CPStone, Richard C.2/Lt.O753454
574574145444EGBarnett, Ellis B.Sgt.35285927
574574145RGChristopher, Michael A.S/Sgt.35048252
SOURCE: Accident Report, 41-18081. 5 Apr 1944
NOTES: The pilot overshot, landing about one third the way down the runway. This resulted in his running off the end of runway 04. After leaving the hard surface, the pilot made a 180 degree turn without stopping and in coming back onto the runway the right propeller struck a stone marker.
The committee finds pilot error in landing technique, responsible for the accident.
NOTE: This accident occurred at RAF Toome Bridge, Northern Ireland (a replacement crew training center) before this crew (except Christopher) were assigned to the 574th Bomb Squadron.
574574146449PFlanagan, Raymond J.Capt.O420583
574574146449CPGrosch, Donald N.2/Lt.O779134
574574146449BMcCord, Marvin O., Jr.Capt.O729773
574574146449EGKerulis, John P.T/Sgt.6917062
574574146449RGLamphear, ZebuloneT/Sgt.16007742
574574146449AGHartwell, Oliver W.S/Sgt.12034497
SOURCE: SO-266, Par. 5; HQ, 70th Replacement Depot - Assignment of crews to various Bomb Groups. 22 Sep 1944
NOTES: Apart from Hartwell, this crew flew their first mission with the 574th Bomb Squadron on 7 October 1944. According to the crew loading lists, Sgt. Dale E. McDonald flew as this crew’s Armorer/Gunner. Hartwell flew as togglier with a number of 573rd Bomb Squadron crews.
574574147452PGreene, Benjamin F.2/Lt.O720477
574574147452CPLane, Roland E., Jr2/Lt.O721124
574574147452BColvin, William C.F/OT132563
574574147452EGNichols, William G.Cpl.32941921
574574147452RGKellar, Herman R.Cpl.18219657
574574147452AGMcCarthy, Joseph J.Cpl.36817948
SOURCE: Special Orders No. 318, HQ, Lake Charles AAF, Par.1,2,3. 13 Nov 1944
NOTES: This order lists the crew. Crew members assigned to the 574th Bomb Squadron as per SO-18, HQ, 391 Bomb Group, 2 February 1945.
574574148452PMacklin, Paul G.2/Lt.O719701
574574148452CPReiner, Richard W.2/Lt.O718932
574574148452BClifton, Jack R.F/OT132557
574574148452EGThompson, David H.Cpl.33609102
574574148452RGMozo, William G.Cpl.37414731
574574148452AGMichael, Martin H.Cpl.32884932
SOURCE: Special Orders No. 318, HQ, Lake Charles AAF, Par.1,2,3. 13 Nov 1944
NOTES: This order lists the crew. Crew members assigned to the 574th Bomb Squadron as per SO-18, HQ, 391 Bomb Group, 2 February 1945.
574574149PThompson, William R.Capt.O732596
574574149453AMGSelf, Harold W.Cpl.36865789
SOURCE: Special Orders No. 36; HQ, Marianna Air Field, FLA - Movement of personnel to Hunter Field, GA. 5 Feb 1945
NOTES: This was an A-26 crew.